Stamens 5, triadelphous. Stigmas 3; fruit a berry, ovoid, small, many-seeded. - Tendrils simple, filiform.
M. pendula L. Lvs. roundish, cordate, 5-lobed or angled, pointed, slightly hispid: fls. axillary, the sterile in small racemes, the fertile solitary, on long peduncles.- N. Y. to Ga. and La. A delicately slender vine, climbing over other plants. Lvs. small (1 to 2' diam.) Fls. small, yellowish. Sty. short, surrounded by a cup-shaped disk. Fr. small, oval. Jl.
6. CUCUR'BITA, L. Squash. (A Latin word, signifying a vessel; from the form of the fruit.) Fls. . Corolla campanulate; petals united and coherent with the calyx. Calyx 5-toothed; stamens 5, triadelphous, anthers syngenecious, straight, parallel. Calyx 5-toothed, upper part deciduous after flowering; stigmas 3, thick, 2-lobed; pepo fleshy or ligneous, 3 to 5-celled; seeds thickened at margin, obo-vate, compressed, smooth. - Fls. mostly yellow.
1 C. pepo L. Pumpkin. Hispid and scabrous; st. procumbent; tendrils branched; lvs. (very large) cordate, palmately 5-lobed or angled, denticulate; fls. axillary, long-pedunculate; fr. very large, roundish or oblong, smooth, furrowed and torulous. - Fields. Long cultivated as a useful kitchen vegetable or for cattle. Fls. large, yellow. Fr. sometimes 3f diam., yellow when mature, yielding sugar abundantly. Jl. ‡ Levant.
2 C. Melopepo L. Flat Squash. Hairy; st. procumbent, with branched tendrils; lvs. cordate, palmately somewhat 5-lobed, denticulate; fls. pedunculate; fr. depressed-orbicular, the margin mostly torulous or tumid, smooth or warty. - Gardens. Cultivated for its fruit, a well known kitchen vegetable. There are many varieties in respect to the fruit. ‡ Nativity?
3 C. verrucosa L. Warted Squash. Crook-neck Squash, etc. Hairy, procumbent, lvs. cordate, palmately and deeply 5-lobed, denticulate, terminal lobe narrowed at base; fls. pedunculate, large; fr. roundish elliptic or clavate, often elongated and incurved at base.- Mentioned by Nuttall as long cultivated by the Indians W. of the Mississippi. Common in our gardens, with numerous well known varieties of the fruit. Jl. ‡
7. CITRUL'LUS, Neck. Watermelon. (Lat. citrus, an orange.) Calyx deeply 5-cleft, segments linear-lanceolate; petals 5, united at base and adnate to the bottom of the calyx; stamens 5, triadelphous; style trifid; stigmas convex, reniform-cordatc; fruit subglobous, fleshy, the succulent placentae filling the cell; seeds colored, numerous, truncate at base and obtuse on the margin.
C. vulgaris Schrad. Hirsute; st. prostrate, slender; lvs. somewhat 5-lobed, the lobes obtusely sinuate-pinnatifid, glaucous beneath; fls. solitary, pedunculate, with a single bract; fr. globous or oval, smooth, stellate-maculate. - Extensively cultivated for its well-known delicious, cooling fruit. Fl. Jn. - Aug. Fr. Aug., Sept. - A variety is the citron, a smaller fruit with thicker and firmer rind ‡ India. Afr.
8. CU'CUMIS, L. Cucumber. (Celtic cuce, a hollow vessel?) Flowers or . Calyx tubular-campanulate, with subulate segments; corolla deeply 5-parted. Stamens 5, triadelphous. Style short; stigmas 3, thick, 2-lobed; pepo fleshy, indehiscent; seeds ovate, flat, acute, and not margined at the edge. - Creeping or climbing by ten, drils. Fls. axillary, solitary, yellow.
1 C. sativus L. Cucumber. St prostrate, rough; tendrils simple; lvs, subcordate, broad as long, palmately 5-angled or lobed, lobes subentire, acute, terminal one longest; fr. oblong, obtusely prismatic, prickly, on a short peduncle. - First brought to England in 1573. It is now universally cultivated for the table, either fresh or pickled. Gathered and eaten before maturity. Jn. - Sept. Many varieties.
2 C. Melo L. Musk Melon. St. prostrate, rough, tendrils simple; lvs. subcordate, roundish, obtuse, palmately 5-angled, lobes rounded, obtuse, obscurely
denticulate; fls. , the on short peduncles; fr. oval or subglobous, smooth, longitudinally torulous. - Native of Asia, whence it was first brought to England in 1570. Generally cultivated for the juicy, yellowish, delicately flavored flesh of the mature fruit. Jn., Jl. Varieties numerous.
3 C. Anguria L. Prickly Cucumber. St. prostrate, slender, hispid; tendrils simple; lvs. palmately and deeply sinuate-lobed, cordate at base; fr. oval-ovoid, or subglobous, echinate. - Cultivated lor the green fruit, which is about the size of a hen's egg, and used for pickles. Jl., Aug. ‡ Jamaica.
4 C. Colocynthis L. Colocynth. St. prostrate, subhispid; lvs. cordate-ovate, cleft into many obtuse lobes, hairy-canescent beneath; tendrils short; fls. axillary, pedunculate; with a globous, hispid cal. tube and campanulate limb, with small petals; fr. globous, yellow when ripe, about as large as an orange, and intolerably bitter. - The extract is the colocynth of the shops, poisonous, but medicinal. † From Turkey.
5 C. anguinus L. Serpent Cucumber. Sts. climbing; lvs. 3 to 5-lobed, repand-dentate; tendrils forked; fr. very long. smooth, cylindrical, coiled. - Cultivated for the curiosity of the long, snake-like fruit. † E. Ind.