β. rosmarinifolia. Leaves linear, more revolute, green beneath.
3 K. angustifolia L. Sheep-poison. Lvs. ternate and opposite, elliptical-lanceolate, peliolate, obtuse at each end, smooth ; corymbs lateral; bracts linear-lanceolate.-Shrub 2-4f in height, in marshes and by ponds, Can. to Car. W. to Ky. Leaves with rounded ends entire, smooth, 1-2' long, and 1/2 as wide, on short petioles. Flowers deep purple, in small, axillary fascicles apparently whorled, about half as large in No. 1. Bracts minute, about 3 at the base of each pedicel. Jn.-Said to be poisonous to cattle.
4 K. cuneata Mx. Lvs. scattered, sessile, cuneate-oblong, obtuse, mucronate, glandular-pubescent beneath ; fls., in sessile, lateral clusters of 4 to 6.-Mts. of N. Car. (Michaux), in swamps, S. Car., near Georgetown (Elliot), near Camden (Nuttall). Shrubs about as large as No. 3. Lvs. about 1' long. Pedicels 1' long, filiform, with minute bractlet3. Cor. white, red in the center. Jn., Jl
5 K. hmmta Walt. Very slender, branched, hairy; lvs. scattered, sometimes opposite, ovate, lanceolate, or linear-oblong, acute, sessile; pedicels as long as the leaves; cal. segm. lance-linear, nearly equaling the corolla limb.-Barrens, S. Car. to Fla., abundant in wet places. Sts. terete, about If high. Lvs. small (4 to 6" long), edges mostly revolute. Fls. rose-colored, about 7" broad. May-Jn.
7. EPIGae'A, L. Trailing Arbutus. May Flower. (Gr. upon, the earth ; from its prostrate habit.) Calyx large, 5-parted, with 3 bracts at base ; corolla hypocrateriform, tube villous within, limb 5-parted, spreading; stamens 10; anthers dehiscent by 2 longitudinal openings; capsule 5-celled, 5-valved.-Suffruticous trailing. Lvs. evergreen, cordate, ovate, entire, alternate.
E. repens L. Lvs. cordate-ovate, entire; cor. tube cylindrical- "Woods, Newfoundland to Ky. and Penn. This little shrubby plant grows flat upon the ground, 10-15' in length, covered with a hairy pubescence in all its parts. Lvs. 2-2 1/2' by 1 1/2', roundish at the end and abruptly tipped with a very short point Fls. very fragrant, white or tinged with various shades of red, in small axillary clusters. Calyx green. The tube of the corolla hairy within, longer than the calyx, the border in 5, rounded, spreading segments. Apr., May.
8.ARCTOSTAPH'YLOS, Adans. Bear-berry. (Gr. bear, a cluster of grapes ; that is Bear-berry.) Calyx 5-parted, persistent; corolla ovoid, diaphanous at the base, limb with 5 small, recurved segments ; anthers 10, with 2 long, reflexed awns, opening by pores; drupe with a 6-celled putamen, the cells 1-seeded.-Trailing shrubs, with alternate Ivs. (Arbutus L.)
1 A. Uva-ursi Spreng. Procumbent; lvs. entire, obovate, smooth, on short petioles, evergreen, coriaceous, shining above, paler beneath; fls. in short, terminal, drooping clusters; drupe globular, about as large as a currant, deep red, nearly insipid, the nucleus consists of 5 bony seeds firmly united together.-Rocky hills, N. States and British America. Stem prostrate except the younger branches, which arise 3-8'. Lvs. about 1' in length, 2-3" wide, often spatulate in form; medicinally they are astringent, and much valued in nephritic complaints. May.
2 A. alpina Spreng. Procumbent; lvs. thin, deciduous, obovate, acute, serrate, ciliate when young; fls. in short, terminal racemes; bracteoles ovate, broad, ciliate. about equaling the pedicel.-High Mts., in Me. and Can., alpine regions of the White Mts. (Robbins). Flowers white. Berries black.
9. GAULTHE'RIA, Kalm. Boxberry. Checkerberry. "Winter-green. (To one Gaulthicr (or Gaultier), a French physician at Quebec.) Calyx 5-cleft, with 2 bracts at the base ; corolla ovoid-tubular, limb with 5 small, revolute lobes; filaments 10, hirsute ; capsule 5-celled, invested by the calyx which becomes a berry.-Suffruticous, mostly American plants. Lvs. alternate, evergreen. Pedicels bibracteolate.
G. procumbens L. St. with the procumbent branches erect or ascending; lvs. obovate, mucronate, denticulate, crowded at the top of stem ; fls. few, drooping, terminal.-A little shrubby plant well-known for its spicy leaves, and its well-flavored, scarlet berries; common in woods and pastures, Can. to Penn. and Ky. The branches ascend 3' from the prostrate stem or rhizomo which is usually concealed. Lvs. thick, shining, acute at each end. Cor. white, contracted at the mouth. Fr. consisting of the capsule surrounded by the enlarged calyx which becomes of a bright scarlet color. Jn.-Sept.
10. CASSIO'PE, Don. Moss-PLANT. (In Grecian mythology Cas-siope was the mother of Andromeda.) Sepals bractless, imbricated, ovate; corolla globular-campanulate, 4 or 5-lobed ; anthers 8 or 10 pendulous cells opening by a terminal pore, with a long reflexed awn behind ; capsule 4 or 5-celled, valves 4 or 5, 2-parted ; placenta pendulous, many-seeded.- Small, alpine, moss-like or heath-like shrubs. Fls. solitary, pedicellate.
C. hypnoides Don. St. filiform, spreading; lvs. evergreen, subulate, smooth, crowded; ped. solitary, terminal; fls. 5-parted. One of the smallest and most delicate of shrubs, summits of the White Mts., N. H. and Mts. of N. Y. and Me. Sts. woody, much branched at base, 2 to 3' high. Lvs. minute, evergreen, imbricated, concealing the stems. Fls. large in proportion (1 1/2" long) nodding; ped. 1' long in fruit. Cal. purple. Cor. light-red, twice as long as the calyx, lobes erect. Stam. included. Jn. (Andromeda, L.)
11. ANDROME'DA, L. (Andromeda of ancient fable, was chained to a rock near the sea; the original species, No. 1, grows near water.) Calyx 5-parted, persistent, not becoming fleshy in fruit; corolla urceo-late, the mouth more or less contracted, 5-toothed ; anthers 10, cells 2, opening by a terminal pore ; capsule 5-celled, 5-valved, often reinforced with 5 external valvelets; seeds numerous, from lateral or suspended placentae.-Shrubs or small trees, with deciduous or evergreen, entire, or serrulate, alternate lvs.