§ Spines 2 in each axil. Bracts not longer than the 5 sepals................................

No. 1

§ Spines none. - Bracts longer than the 3 to 5 - sepaled calyx....................

Nos. 2, 3

- Bracts shorter than the 5 - sepaled calyx..................

Nos. 4, 5

1 E. spinosus Feay. Smooth, striate, purplish, much branched; lvs. long-petioled, rhomb-ovate, or lance-ovate, obtuse, dull green, with 2 axillary spines; panicle sparingly branched, spikes erect, acute, the terminal longest; fls. crowded, 5-parted; bracts, sepals and rugous utricle about equal in length. - Cultivated and waste grounds, Penn. to Ill. and S. States. St. and branches flexuous, 1 to 3f high. Lvs. 2 to 3' long, petioles nearly as long, spines sharp, 3 to 8" long, Utricle certainly valveless (as first noticed by Dr. Feay), and falling without opening. Seed dark brown, polished. Jn. - Oct

2 E. lividua Moq. Erect, branched, smooth, livid-purplish; lvs. long-petioled, elliptic or ovate, obtuse, emarginate, upper acutish; axillary spikes shorter than the petiole, the terminal long, slender, rigid, acute, somewhat interrupted; fls. crowded; sep. 3, thrice longer the bracts; fr. rogous, acute. - Cultivated and waste lands, Va. to Fla. and La. St. stout, hollow, striate, 2 to 3f high. Lvs. 3 to 6' by 2 to 3', petiole 2' to 30," purple. Terminal spike 2 to 4' long. Fls. 3-parted. Utricle slightly exserted. Jn. - Sept.

3 E. deflexus Raf. Ascending, diffusely branched, ashy green, puberulent, branches deflexed: lvs. petiolate, rhomb-lanceolate, obtuse; spikes thickish, obtuse, somewhat nodding, axillary and terminal; lis. crowded, short-pedieelled; sep. 3 to 5, longer than the bracts; fr. smooth. - Waste and cultivated grounds. Mid. States. Sts. branched from base, slender, If long. Lvs. wavy, prominently veined beneath, 6 to 15" long. Stigmas 2 or 3, very short, white. Utricle exserted. Aug., Sept. § Eur.

4 A. viridis Moq. Erect, smooth, livid, purple; lvs. long-petioled, ovate, obtuse; spikes axillary and terminal, paniculate, rather long, loose, acutish; sepals 3, twice longer than the bracts; utricle roundish-ovate, rigulous. - Cultivated and waste grounds, Ala. and La. St. sulcate, 1 to 2f high. Terminal spikes 2 to 3' long. Readily recognized by the baldness of the minute fls.

5 E. pumilus Raf. Low, very smooth, diffusely branched, lvs. subsessile, ovate, obtuse, smooth, fleshy, clustered at the ends of the branches; fls. in small, axillary glomerules, sessile; cal. 5-parted, purplish; fr. smooth, ovate, twice longer than than the calyx. - Sandy sea coast, N. Y. to Ga. Aug. - Oct. (A. pumilus Ell.)

4. ACNI'DA, L. Water Hemp. (Gr. a, not,Order CVI Amarantaceae Amaranths Continued 1571 the nettle; a nettle-like plant which does not sting.) Flowers dioecious, 3-bracted.

Order CVI Amarantaceae Amaranths Continued 1572 Calyx of 5 equal, erect sepals; stamens 5, anthers oblong, 2-celled;

Order CVI Amarantaceae Amaranths Continued 1573 calyx 0; ovary 1-celled, 1-ovulecl, with 3 to 5 stigmas; fruit a fleshy, valveless utricle; seed vertical. - Order CVI Amarantaceae Amaranths Continued 1574 A marsh herb, with alternate, petiolate, entire, smooth lvs. and small, green, subpedicillate fls. in slender, axillary and terminal spikes.

A. cannabina L. - Salt marshes, brackish swamps, Can. to Ga. and La. St. tall, 3 to 6 to 8f, thick, subterete. Lvs. ovate-lanceolate, 2 to 5 to 8' long, acuminate, wavy, cuneate at base, petiole 1 to 2' long. Fruit panicle loose. Bracts $ lance-ovate, shorter than the calyx,Order CVI Amarantaceae Amaranths Continued 1575 linear-subulate, very unequal. Fr. near 2" long. Jl. - Oct.

5. MONTE'LIA, Moq. Flowers, bracts, stamens, inflorescence, nearly as in Aenida. Stigmas 3, very long, bristle-shaped, feathery; fruit a thin utricle, with a tortuous circumscissile dehiscence. -Order CVI Amarantaceae Amaranths Continued 1576 Herb glab rous, with long-petioled lvs. and small, greenish, spicate fls.

M. taniariscina Gray. - Damp sandy soils or shores, W. States, rare in N. Eng-St flowering at all heights from 1 to 5f, angular, branched, lvs. lance oval, 1 to 5' by 6 to 15", petiole as long. Spikes interrupted and leafy at base, continuous above. BractsOrder CVI Amarantaceae Amaranths Continued 1577 acute, shorter than the calyx, Order CVI Amarantaceae Amaranths Continued 1578 rigid, subulate, longer than the ovary which in fruit opens by a tortuous line. Seed dark brown,' polished. Jl. - Sept. (A. ruscocarpa and altissima Mx. A. Miamensis Ridd.) - Varies with the clusters all axillary, hardly forming spikes.

5. IRESI'NE, Brown. (Gr.Order CVI Amarantaceae Amaranths Continued 1579 an olive-branch bound with tufts of wool borne by supplicants.) Flowers dioecious or Order CVI Amarantaceae Amaranths Continued 1580 , 3-bracted; calyx of 5 erect sepals; stamens 5, anthers 1-cellcd; stigmas 2, 3; utricle roundish ovate, valveless, 1-seeded, included in the calyx; seed vertical. - Herbs with opposite, petiolate lvs. and minute, densely spi-cate or capitate, often woolly fls. suggesting the name.

I. celosioides L. St. erect, furrowed, paniculate above; lvs. scabrous, punctate, lower oblong, acuminate, upper ovate-lanceolate; panicle compound, large, rather dense. - A tall handsome annual, 3 to 4f high, on river banks, Ohio near Cincinnati, to Ill. and La Lvs. tapering to the base into a winged petiole, 3 to 6' by 2 to 4'. Panicle of delicate, whitish fls. large, with opposite branches, branchlets and pedicels, nearly or quite leafless. Sept., Oct.

7. GOMPHRE'NA, L. Globe Amaranth. Flowers perfect or polygamous, 3-bracted; calyx 5-sepaled or 5-cleft, sepals erect; stamens 5, filaments dilated and 3-cleft at apex, middle tooth bearing the 1-celled anther; stigma capitate; utricle valveless, 1-seeded, included in the calyx. Herbs or shrubs of S. America. Lvs. opposite. Fls. usually capitate.

G. globosa L. Erect, trichotomously much branched, pubescent; lvs. short-petiolate, oblong, acute, mucronate, entire; fls. bright purple, in globular, 2-bracted, pedunculate, terminal heads; bracts glabrous, longer than the woolly calyx. - Gardens. Stem 1 to 2f high. Branches suberect Hds. near 1' diam, fadeless, † E. Indies.

8. TELAN'THERA Brown. (Gr.Order CVI Amarantaceae Amaranths Continued 1581 full, complete, Lat. an-therœ; alluding to the perfect flowers.) Fls. perfect, 3-bracted; calyx of 5 sepals; stamens 5, with 5 intervening, elongated, sterile filaments; anthers 1-celled; style short, stigma capitate; utricle valveless, 1-seeded, included in the calyx. - Herbs or shrubs with opposite lvs., axillary and terminal hds. of fls.

T. polygonoides Moq. β. repens. Procumbent, diffusely branched, hairy; lvs. oval, obtuse, attenuate to a winged petiole; hds. sessile, 1 to 2 together, oval, obtuse; fls. whitish silvery; bracts shorter than the ovate-acuminate, mucronate, unequal sepals, inner sep. hairy. -Order CVI Amarantaceae Amaranths Continued 1582 Cultivated grounds, roadsides, in the vicinity of the coast, S. States. Sts. slender, 1 to 2f long. Lvs. including the petiole 6 to 15" by 4 to 7". Hds. 3 to 4" long. Feb. - Oct

9. FRŒLICH'IA, Mœnch. (Named for J. A. Frolich, a German botanist.) Flowers perfect, 3-bracted; calyx tubular, 5-cleft at apex; stamens 5, connate into a tube, appendaged with as many sterile filaments; anthers 1-celled; stigma capitate or tufted; utricle valveless, 1-seeded, enclosed in the hardened calyx which bears 2 or 5 longitudinal crests. -Order CVI Amarantaceae Amaranths Continued 1583 Herbs with jointed, villous stems, opposite lvs. and spicate fls.

P. Floridana Moq. Nearly simple, strictly erect, arachnoid pubescent; lvs. linear, tapering to the base, obtusish at apex; fls. imbricated, in short, dense, clustered, cottony spikes. - On sandy river banks, Ill., also Pla., Ga. to La. Plant 1 to 3f high, with a terminal, virgate panicle 6 to 10' long. Lvs. 1 to 2' by 3 to 5". Spikes 6 to 12" long. Calyx white-scarious, persistent, contracted above, enclosing the utricle. Jl., Aug.