4. AGA'VE, L. (Gr. admirable.) Perianth tubular-funnel-form, adherent to the ovary, 6-parted; stamens 6, exserted; anthers linear, soon versatile; capsule coriaceous, obtusely triangular, 3-celled, many-seeded. - A splendid American genus. Root sometimes ligneous. Stem herbaceous. Lvs. mostly radical, thick and rigid, channeled, often spiny. Scape many-flowered.
1 A. Virginica L. False Aloe. Acaulescent, herbaceous; lvs. linear-lanceolate, fleshy, glabrous, with cartilaginous serratures on the margin; scape simple, glabrous, with leaf-like scales and sessile, tubular flowers. - Rocky banks, Penn. to Ga. Root premorse, tuberous. Scape 4 to 6f high, terete, glabrous, loosely spicate above. Radical leaves long, acute. Flowers 1' long, greenish-yellow, very fragrant, tube longer than the subulate segments. Anth. long exserted. Capsule roundish, obscurely 3-angled, 3-furrowed. Sept. †
2 A. Americana L. American Aloe. Century Plant. Acaulescent; lvs. spinous-dentate, lanceolate, coriaceous and fleshy; scape branched, lofty and arborescent; cor. tube contracted in the middle; pedicel as long as the corolla. - The largest of all herbaceous plants, native of tropical America, often cultivated. It is a popular notion that it flowers but once in a hundred years, but it is known to flower much oftener. according to the culture it receives. Leaves radical, thick, 3 - 6 or 8f long, 4 - 12' wide. The scape arises from the center of the leaves to the height of 15 to 25f, bearing a pyramidal panicle of innumerable yellow flowers. There is a variety with striped leaves, †
5. POLYAN'THES, L. Tuberose. (Gr. many, Perianth superior, funnel-form, with a long, curved tube; filaments inserted into the throat, included; ovary at the bottom of the tube, the summit free. - Rt. an upright rhizome, thick, producing tubers above. St. terete, solid, simple, ∞-flowered.
P. tubercsa L. Lvs. linear-lanceolate; petals oblong. - A green-house plant. Sts. bulbous at base with tuberous branches. Scape scaly, 2 to 3f high, with alternate, large, white, regular fls. of a delicious fragrance, which is most powerful at evening. Aug., Sept. † Ceylon.
6. SPREKE'LIA, Endl. Jacobea Lily. Perianth adherent 6-leaved, subbilabiate and spreading above; inner segm. narrower; stain. 6, inserted on the ovary, unequal, and with the style declined, but bending up at apex. - Bulbous. Scape fistulous, 1-flowered. Lvs. linear.
S. formosissima Herbt Lvs. radical; fls. nodding, very ringent, tube fringed; sta. included in the involute lower segments. - A splendid flower, grown in light, loamy soil. Leaves thick, oblong, narrow. Scape a foot high. Spathe red, disclosing a single largo flower of a fine dark red color. Jn. - Aug.
7. GALAN'THUS, L. Snow-drop. (Gr. milk, from the color.) Perianth superior, segments distinct, the 3 inner shorter, notched or lobed; stamens 6, inserted on the top of the ovary, erect, included; style straight, longer than the stamens; stigma entire; capsule 3-celled, loculicidal, ∞-seeded. - Bulb tunicated, acrid. Scape 2-edged, solid. Spathe ∞-leaved. Fls. white, pendulous. Caps, maturing under ground.
G. nivalis. Snow-drop. Lvs. linear, radical, keeled, acute; scape 1-flowered. - Native of the Alps, well known in gardens, flowering early in spring. It is a email plant, half a foot high, arising from a perennial bulb, bearing a single, large, nodding flower, white as snow. Stem usually furnished with 2 long, narrow leaves towards the top.
8. LEUCO'JUM, L. Snow-flake. (Gr. white, iov, violet.) Perianth superior, segments distinct, subequal, often thickened at the apex; stamens 6, inserted on the tip of the ovary, included; style erect, thickened upwards; stigma entire, obtuse; capsule fleshy, 3-valved, loculicidal, ∞-seeded. - Bulb tunicated. Scape 2-edged, fistulous. Lvs. few. Spathe 1-lcaved. Fls. pendulous.
1 L. aestivum L. Lvs. linear, a little shorter than the scape; spathe many (4 to 8)-flowered; caps, pyriform, with numerous black seeds in each cell. - Gardens, very pretty. Lvs. 6 or more, of a rich green, long, channeled, sheathing. Scape 6 to 10' high, sharply 2-angled, bearing at top an umbel of pedicellate nodding fls. issuing from a spathe. Sep. pure white, 6 to 8" long, tipped with a green thickened point. May, Jn. † Eur.
2 L. vernum L. Lvs. linear or strap-shaped, sheathing at base; scape 1 or 2-flowered; perianth segm. with divergent veins, white, marked with a green or yellow tip; seeds 7 in each cell, straw-colored. - Gardens, less frequent than the other. Mar., Apr. † Eur. (L. rinosma, Herbert.)
9. HYPOX'IS, L. Star-grass. (Gr. under, sharp; on account of the pointed base of the fruit.) Spatbe 2-leaved; perianth 6-parted, regular, persistent; stamens 6; capsule elongated, narrowed at the base, indehiscent; seeds numerous, roundish, with a black, crus-taceous integument. - Small, bulbous, grass-like plants, with yellow fls. Lvs. radical, linear.
1 H. erecta L. Pilous; scape about 4-flowered, shorter than the linear-lanceolate lvs. - In woods and meadows, Can. and U. S. Lvs. all radical, 6 to 12' by 3 to 5", very acute. The slender, hairy scapes, several from the same root, arise 6 to 8', divided at top into a sort of umbel with 3 to 5 peduncles, having each a minute, subulate spathe at the base. Perianth hairy and greenish without, yellow within; segm. oval, rather obtuse. Jn.
2 H. filifolia Ell. Sparingly pilous; scape 2-flowered, shorter than the filiform lvs. - In dry, sandy soils, Ga. and Fla. Same height as the other speebs. Lvs. 8 to 12' long, thread-shaped, but channeled, not half a line wide. Els. rather large (9 to 11" diam.).