2. NEMAS'TYLIS, Nutt. (Gr thread, style.) Spathe 2-leaved; perianth segments distinct down to the top of the ovary, the sepals spreading, larger than the ascending, concave petals; stamens 3, filaments shorter than the anthers; style slender, enlarged and 3-cleft above; capsule oblong-cylindric. - Stem very slender, with linear-ensiform lvs. from a bulb. Spathe 2-flowered.
N. gemmiflora Nutt. Swamps along rivers, La. (Hale.) A pretty flower 15 to 20' high, lvs. same length, 3 to 5" wide, tapering at each end. Fls, on pedicels shorter .than the spathe, the sepals l' long, obovate-spatulate, bluish-purple, the azure petals about half as large.
3. TIGRID'IA, L. Tiger-flower. (Lat. tigridis, of the tiger; so. in colors.) Spathe 2-leaved; perianth regular, the 3 sepals larger than the 3 petals; stam. monadelphous, fil. united into a long tube. - Bulbous.
T. pavonia L. St. simple, flexuous; lvs. ensiform, veined; segm. flat; petals panduriform. - A superb plant of the gardens. St. 2f high, erect, terete, leafy, branching. Lvs. erect, a foot long. Flowers inodorous, 5 to 6' broad, yellow, variegated with scarlet, crimson and purple. It is very evanescent, lasts but a few hours, but a new one appears daily for several weeks, † Mexico.
4. SISYRINCHIUM, L. Blue-eyed Grass. (Gr. a hog, and a snout; alluding to the singular spathe.) Spathe 2-leaved; segments of the perianth flat, equal; stamens monadelphous; stigma 3-cleft. - Grass-like plants, with compressed, winged or ancipital scapes, from fibrous roots.
1 S. Bermudianum L. Scape simple, winged; valves of the spathe unequal, the longer scarcely equaling the flowers; petals mucronate. - A delicate little plant, with blue flowers, common in low grass lands, Can. and U. S. St. or scape 10 to 12' high, so winged as to resemble the leaves, smooth and mostly simple. Lvs. linear, about as long as the scape, sheathing at base. Spathe 2 to 5-flowered, the longer valve acuminate. Fls. purple or blue, on filiform pedicels. Sepals a little broader than the petals, spreading. Cap. globous. Jn., Jl. (S. anceps. Cav.)
β. alba. Flowers white. - Wet prairies, etc.
2 S. mucronatum Mx. Scape simple, filiform, barely 2-edged; spathe colored, outer valve longer than the fls., ending in a long, mucronate point. - Mid. States, W. to Iowa, common in wet prairies, where the grass is not luxuriant. Lvs. radical, a line wide. Scape 6 to 10' high, narrowly winged, setaceously slender. Spathe 3 to 4-flowered, tinged with purple. Fls. smaller than in the preceding, of a fine blue color. Jn. - Appears very distinct from the other.
5. IXIA, L. (Gr. sticky; from the glutinous juice.) Spathe of 2 or 3 ovate, short bracts; petals and sepals distinct or slightly united, similar, regular, spreading, tube straight, adherent; stamens 3; filaments and style filiform, straight, often connate; ovary 3-celled. - A large genus, chiefly from S. Africa. Lvs. ensiform.
1 I. celestina Bartram. Lvs. linear-subulate, many times shorter than the I-flowered scape (Linn. Ell.). - Borders of swamps, Ga. and Fla. (Bartram); rare. - We have a single flower without stem, lvs. or fruit, gathered in E. Fla. by Prof. Loomis, and sent us by Dr. Feay. It is of a bright purplish blue, spreading 2 1/2'. Segm. about equal, oval, obtuse, united into a tube 4" in length. Stamens and style apparently distinct, 6" long.
2 I. (PARDANTHUS) Chinensis L. Lvs. ensiform, vertical, sheathing shorter than the tall, terete, flexuous stem; panicle somewhat dichotomous and corym-bous; perianth broad-campanulate, segm. distinct down to the top of the ovary, oblong, twisting after flowering; capsule ovoid, the valves deciduous, seeds black, roundish, shining, attached to the central column, and resembling a large blackberry. - Plentifully naturalized on the bluffs at Merom, Ind. St. 3f high. Fls. orange, spotted. Jn. † §
6. CRO'CUS, L. (Named from the youth Crocus, who according to Grecian mythology, was changed into this flower.) Perianth funnel-form, the segments united at base into a long and slender tube; stigma 3-cleft, convolute, crested. - Spathe radical, 1 - 2-leaved, thin, transparent. The long tube of the flower nearly or quite sessile upon the bulb. After flowering, the ovary arises from the ground by the growth of the scape, to ripen its seeds in the sun.
1 C. sativus L. Saffron. Fall Crocus. Lvs. linear, revolute at the margins; stig. 3-parted, as long as the corolla, reflexed. Leaves radical, with a longitudinal, white furrow above. Flower with a long, white tube, and purple, elliptical segments. Stigmas long, emarginate, exsert, of a deep orange-color. Its virtues, both medicinal and coloring, reside chiefly in the large stigmas. Sept. - A variety, perhaps the most common, has yellow perianths. % Asia.
2 C. vermis L. Spring Crocus. Stig. included within the flower, with 3 short, wedge-shaped segments. - Scape an inch or two high, 3-sided. Flowers vary in color, generally purple, often yellow or white; tube very long, slender, gradually enlarged upwards, closed at the mouth with a circle of hairs, limb cam-panulate, much shorter than the tube. Anth. yellow, sagittate. Mar., Apr. † Eur.
7. GLADIOLUS, L. Corn-flag. (Lat. gladius, a sword; in reference to the form of the leaves.) Spathe 2-leaved; perianth irregular, 6-parted, somewhat 2-lipped; stamens 3, distinct, ascending; stigmas 3, broader above; seeds winged. - A large genus of bulbous plants, none native. Fls. showy.
G. communis L. Spike unilateral; upper petal the (upper lip) covered by the lateral sepals, the lower sepals largest; tube longer than the ovary. - A fine showy flowerer in gardens. St. 2 to 3f high, with the large, rosy purple fls. arranged in a long, somewhat spiral row upon it. The 3 lower segments are marked by a white stripe. Color variable, † S. Europe.