Shrubs with alternate, resinous-dotted, often fragrant leaves, with the flowers monoecious or dioecious, achlamydeous, both kinds in scaly aments.Order CXXI Myricaceae Galeworts 1796 Stamens 2 to 8. Order CXXI Myricaceae Galeworts 1797 Ovary 1-celled, with 1 erect ovule; stigmas 2, filiform. Fruit dry or drupaceous, indehiscent. Seed with no albumen.

Genera 3. species 20, found in the temperate parts of N. America, in India and S. Africa, and one species in Europe. Sweet Fern is highly aromatic and astringent. The fruit of the Bay-berry bush yields wax abundantly.

1. MYRI'CA, L. Candleberry Myrtle. (Gr.Order CXXI Myricaceae Galeworts 1798 to perfume,

The name anciently designated the Tamarind tree.) FlowersOrder CXXI Myricaceae Galeworts 1799Order CXXI Myricaceae Galeworts 1800 . -

Aments .. cylindrical, small, ovoid-capitate.Stamens 4 to 6,

Order CXXI Myricaceae Galeworts 1801Order CXXI Myricaceae Galeworts 1802Order CXXI Myricaceae Galeworts 1803 short, erect, anthers large, 4-valved. Order CXXI Myricaceae Galeworts 1804 Ovary 1 to each bract, with 3 scales at its base, superior; styles 2, spreading; stigmas 2, acute; drupe 1-celled, 1-seeded, covered with wax or resinous dots. Stip. very fugacious or 0.

1 M. Gale L. Sweet Gale. Dutch Myrtle. Lvs. clustered, cuneale-lanceolate, obtuse and serrate above, margin very entire and slightly revolute below, tapering to a very short petiole; sterile aments clustered, of ovate, cordate, acuminate, ciliate scales; fr. dotted in an oblong, dense, amentaceous head. - A branching shrub, 3 - 4f high, on the inundated borders of ponds and mountain lakes, Can. to Car. Leaves dark green, paler beneath with a strong midvein, 9 - 18" by 4 - 6", entire 1/3 the length.Order CXXI Myricaceae Galeworts 1805 and Order CXXI Myricaceae Galeworts 1806 aments on separate plants, the former terminal, about 1' in length, the latter axillary and much shorter. Fruit and leaves when crushed, with a pungent, spicy odor. May.

2 M. cerifera L. Bayberry. Wax Myrtle. Lvs. glabrous, cuneale-oblong, rather acute or obtuse, distinctly petiolate, margin entire or remotely undulate-dentate above; aments cotemporary with the leaves, scattered, naked, theOrder CXXI Myricaceae Galeworts 1807 larger, with lax, roundish scales; fr. spherical, distinct, clustered, covered with wax. - This interesting and useful shrub is found in dry woods or in open fields, Nova Scotia to Flor., W. to Lake Erie. Height 2 - 8f, covered with a grayish bark. Very branching with numerous dry looking leaves, 18 to 30" by 6 to 9". Aments 6 to 9"long. Drupe 1 1/2" long, covered with white wax, - the bayberry tallow of commerce. May.

3 M. Carolinensis L. Lvs. larger, evergreen, coriaceous, cuneate-elliptical, acute, with about 4 acute teeth near the apex, petiolate;Order CXXI Myricaceae Galeworts 1808 aments solitary or several in the axils of the old leaves; Order CXXI Myricaceae Galeworts 1809 naked, with rounded, acuminate scales. - Swamps, S. Car. to Fla. Shrub 4 to 8f high. Lvs. 3 to 5' by 1 to 2', petiole 1' or less.

Order CXXI Myricaceae Galeworts 1810 Aments as long as the petioles, Order CXXI Myricaceae Galeworts 1811 much shorter. Fruit large, globular. (Pursh. Our specimens in flower,) Mar., Apr.

2. COMPTO'NIA, Soland. Sweet Fern. (In honor of Henry

Compton, Lord Bishop of London.) Flowers 8 ,Order CXXI Myricaceae Galeworts 1812 Anient cylindric; bract reniform-cordate, acuminate; calyx-scale 2-parted; stamens 3, forked, each bearing 2 half anthers. Order CXXI Myricaceae Galeworts 1813 Ament ovate; calyx-scales 6, longer than the bract; styles 2; nut ovoid, 1-celled, - Low shrubs. Lvs. long and narrow, pinnatifid-lobed, with small stipules, strongly aromatic.

C. asplenifolia Ait. Lvs. long, linear-lanceolate, alternately sinuate-pinnatifiu-- A shrub 2f high, common in dry woods and hills, Can. to Md. (Shriver) and Wis. (Lapham). The main stem is covered with a rusty brown bark which becomes reddish in the branches, and white downy in the young shoots. Lvs. numerous, on short peduncles, 3 to 4' by 6", divided nearly to the midvein into numerous rounded lobes so as to resemble those of the Spleenwort. Stip. in pairs, acuminate. Barren flowers in erect, cylindric catkins, terminal and lateral. Fertile fls. in a dense, rounded burr or head, situated below the barren one. Fr. a small, ovate, brown, 1-celled nut. May.