Herbs, shrubs, or even trees, destitute of true stipules. Leaves alternate, petiolate, either undivided or palmately compound. Fls. solitary or racemous, cruciform, hy-pogynous. Sep. 4, Pet. 4, unguiculate. Sta. 6 - 12, or some multiple of 4, never tetradynamous, on a disk or separated from the corolla by an internode of the torus. Ova. often stipitate, of 2 united carpels. Sty. united into one. Stig. discoid. Fr. c either pod-shaped and dehiscent, or fleshy and indehiscent. Placentae usually 2. Seeds many, reniform. Albumen 0. Embryo curved. Cotyledon foliaceous. (Illust. in Fig. 290.)
Stamens 6, separated from the petals by an internode.
Stamens 6, not separated from the petals
Stamens 8 - 32. Torus not developed.
1. GYNANDROPSIS, DC. (Gynandria, a Linnaean class, appearance.) Sepals distinct, spreading; stamens 6, separated from the 4 petals by a slender internode of the torus; pod linear-oblong, raised on a long stipe which rises from the top of the torus. - Lvs. digitate. Fls. racemed.
G. pentaphylla DC. Middle lvs. petiolate, 5-foliate, floral and lower ones 3-foliate, lfts. obovate, entire or denticulate. - In cultivated grounds, Penn. to Ga. St. simple, 2 - 3f high. Fls. of a very singular structure. Pedicels about 1' long, slender. Calyx small. Petals white, 1/3 as long as their filiform claws. Sta. 1' long, spreading, apparently arising from the midst of the long styloid torus. Peds. 2' long. § Africa. (Cleome L.)
2. CLEOME, L. Spider Flower. Sepals sometimes united at base; petals 4; torus not developed between the petals and the stamens, which are 6 - 4; pod stipitate more or less. - Herbs or shrubs. Lvs. simple or digitate. Fls. racemed or solitary.
1 C. pungens L. Fig. 290. Glandular pubescent; st. simple, and with the petioles aculeate; lvs. 5 - 9-foliate, on long petioles, lfts. elliptic-lanceolate, acute at each end, obscurely denticulate; bracts simple; fls. racemed; sep. distinct; pet. on filiform claws; sta. 6, twice longer than the petals. - A tall, showy plant, with curious purple flowers, common in gardens, escaped into fields, etc. South. May - Aug. † § W. Ind. 2 C. speciocissima Deppe. Pilous; st. branching below, lvs. 5 - 7-foliate, • on long petioles; lfts. lanceolate, acuminate, the upper lvs. simple, bract-like, ovate; petals as long as the pedicels; fruit shorter than its stipe.- _ Gardens. Plant very showy, 3 - 4f high. Fls. rose-purple, clustered at the summit of the rising raceme from Jn. to Sept. † Mexico.
3. POLANISIA, Raf. (Gr. πόλύ, much, aviσσς, unequal.) Sepals distinct, spreading; petals 4, unequal; stamens 8 - 32, filaments filiform or dilated at the summit; torus not developed, minute; pods linear.-
Strong-scented herbs, with glandular, viscid hairs.
P. graveolens Raf Viscid-pubescent; lvs. ternate, lfts. elliptic-oblong; fls. axillary, solitary; sta. 8 - 12; caps. oblong-lanceolate, attenuate at base. - Gravelly shores, Vt. to Ark. St. 1f high, branching, striate. Lfts. 1 - 1 1/2' long, 1/3, as wide, nearly entire and sessile; common petiole 1' long. Fls. m terminal racemes. Petals yellowish-white, narrowed below into long claws. Fil. slender, exserted. Pods 2' long, glandular-pubescent, siliquose, viscid like every other part of the plant Jl.