565. Etaerio, an aggregate fruit consisting of numerous little drupes united to each other (raspberry) or to the fleshy receptacle (blackberry).
567. Hesperidium a succulent, many-carpeled fruit, the rind thick, leathery, separable from the pulpy mass within (orange, lemon).
568. Pepo, an indehiscent, compound, fleshy fruit, with a hardened rind and parietal placentae (melon).
569. The pome is a fleshy, indehiscent pericarp formed of the permanent calyx, containing several cartilaginous (apple) or bony (haw) cells.
570. The pyxis is a many-seeded, dry fruit, opening like a lid by a circumscissile dehiscence (plantain, henbane, Jeffersonia).
571. The follicle is a single carpel, 1-celled, many-seeded, opening at the ventral suture (columbine, larkspur, silk-grass).
572. The legume or pod is a single carpel, 1-celled, usually splitting into two valves, but bearing its l-∞ seeds along the ventral suture only, in one row, as in the bean and all the Leguminosae. It is sometimes curved or coiled like a snail-shell (Medicago).
573. The loment is a jointed pod, separating across into 1-seeded portions (Desmodium).
574. Silique. This is also a pod, linear, 2-carpeled, 2-valved, 2-celled by a false dissepiment extended between the two parietal pla-. centae. To this false dissepiment on both sides of both edges the seeds are attached (mustard).
575. Silicle. This is a short silique, nearly as wide as long (shepherd's purse). The silique and silicle are the peculiar fruit of all the Cruciferae.
576. Capsule (casket). This term includes all other forms of dry, dehiscent fruits, compound, opening by as many valves as there are carpels (Iris), or by twice as many (chickweed), or by pores (poppy).
577. The regma is a kind of capsule like that of the Geranium, whose dehiscent carpels separate elastically but still remain attached to the carpophore.
578. Strobile or cone; an aggregate fruit consisting of a conical or oval mass of imbricated scales, each an open carpel (♀ flower), bearing seeds on its inner side at base, i. e., axillary seeds (pine and the Gymnosperms generally).
579. The cone (syncarpium, σuv, together) of the Magnolia tribe is a mass of confluent, closed pericarps on a lengthened torus (cucumber tree).
Fruits. 441, Etaerio of Rubus strigosus (Blackberry). 443, Pepo; section of cucumber. 449, Berry, Grape. 443. Pome, Crataegus (Haw). 444, Pyxis of Jeffersonia. 445, Legume of Pea. 446, Loment of Desmodium. 447, Silique of Sinapis. 44S, Silicle of Capsella.
580. The fig (syconus) is an aggregate fruit, consisting of numerous seed-like pericarps inclosed within a hollow, fleshy receptacle where the flowers were attached.
581. Other confluent fruits (sorosis) consist of the entire inflorescence developed into a mass of united pericarps, as in the mulberry, osage-orange, pine-apple.
449. bis, Strobile or Pinus. 450, The Fig (syconus). 451, Sorosis of Mulberry. 452, Hip of Rosa, achenia nearly inclosed in the leathery calyx tube.