reflexed; fr. largo, black. - Md. to Fla., common. Sts. long, slender, terete, some of the prickles at length recurved. Lfts. small (about 12" by 8"), minutely pubescent. Petioles slender, much shorter than the Blender peduncles. Petals white. Fr. well-flavored, ripe in May.
6 R. odoratus L. Mulberry. St. erect or reclining, unarmed, glandular-pilous; Ivs. palmately 3 to 5-lobed, middle lobe longest, unequally serrate; fls. large, in ter-minal corymbs; pet. orbicular, purple. - A fine flowering shrub, 3 to 5f high, in upland woods, U. S. and Brit Am., common. Lvs. 4 to 8' long, nearly as wide, cordate at base, lobes acuminate, petioles 2 to 3' long, and, with the branches, calyx and peduncles clothed with viscid hairs. Fls. nearly 2' diam., not very un-like a rose, save the (100 to 200) stamens are whitish. Fr. broad and thin, bright red, sweet, ripe in Aug. Fls. Jn., Jl. †
7 R. Nutkanus Mocine. St. shrubby, somewhat pilous, with glandular hairs above; lvs. broad 5-lobed, lobes nearly equal, unequally and coarsely serrate; ped. few-flowered; sep. long-acuminate, shorter than the very large, round-oval, white petals. - A fine species, Mich., Wis. to Oreg., etc, with very large, showy, white fls. It has received some notice in cultivation as a flowering plant.
8 R. Chamaemorus L. Cloudberry. Herbaceous, dioecious; st. decumbent 'at base, erect, unarmed, 1-flowered; lvs. mostly but 2, cordate reniform, rugous, with
5-rounded lobes, serrate; sep. obtuse; pet. obovate, white. - An alpine species with us, found by Br. Bobbins (also by the author, 1835) on the White Mts., and by Mr. Oakes in Mc.; N. to the Arc. Sea. Fr. large, yellow or amber color, sweet and juicy, ripe in Sept. Fls. in May, Jn. - This plant may easily bo mistaken for Hydrastis.
9 R. trifldrus Rich. St. shrubby, unarmed, declined; branches herbaceous, green; lvs. 3 or 5-foliate, lfts. nearly smooth, thin, rhombic-ovate, acute, unequally cut-dentate, odd one petiolulato; stip. ovate, entire; ped. terminal, 1 to 3-flow-ered; pet. erect, oblong-obovate. - Moist woods and shady hills, Penn. to Brit.
Am. Sts. flexuous. smooth, reddish. Petioles very slender, 1 to 2' long. Lfts .1 to 2' by 1/2 to 1', lateral ones sessile, oblique or unequally 2-lobed. Pet. White, rather longer than tho triangular-lanceolate, reflexed sepals. Fr. consisting of a few large, dark red grains, acid, ripe in Aug. Fls. May. (R. saxatilis Bw.)
10 R Idaeus L. Garden Raspberry. Hispid or armed with recurved prick-jles; lvs. pinnately 3 or 5-foliate; lfts. broad-ovate or rhomboidal, acuminate, unequally and incisely serrate, hoary-tomentous beneath, sessile, odd one petiolulate; fls. in paniculate corymbs; pet. entire, shorter than the hoary-tomentous acuminate cal - Many varieties of this plant are cultivated for the delicious fruit. Sts. shrubby, 3 to 5f high. Lfts. smoothish above, 2 to 4' long, § as wide. Fls. white, in lax, terminal clusters. Fr. red, amber color, or white. - Plants essentially agreeing with the above described were found at Cambridge, Vt., in woods, also at Colebrook, Ct., by Dr. Bobbins.
11 R. strigosus Mx. Wild Red Raspberry. St. strongly hispid; lvs. pin-nately 3 or 5-foliate, lfts. oblong-ovats or oval, obtuse at base, coarsely and unequally serrate, cauescent-tomentous beneath, odd one often subcordate at base, lateral ones sessile; cor. cup shaped, about the length of the cal. - In hedges and neglected fields, Can. and N. States, very abundant St without prickles, covered with strong bristles instead. Lfts. 1 1/2 to 2 1/2 long, 1/3 to § as wide, terminal one distinctly petiolulate. Fls. white. Fr. hemispherical, light red, and of a peculiar rich flavor, in Jn. - Aug. Fls. May.
12 R. occidcntalis L. Black Raspberry. Thimble Berry. Si. glaucous with bloom, armed with recurved prickles; lvs. pinnately 3-foliate, lfts. ovate, acuminate, sublobate or doubly serrate, hoary-tomentous beneath, lateral ones sessile; fls. axillary and terminal; fr. black. - A tall, slender bramble, 4 to 8f high, in thickets, rocky fields, etc. Can. and U. S. St. recurved, often rooting at the end.
Lfts. 2 to 3' long, 1/2 to 2/3 as wide; common petiole terete, long. Fls. white, lower ones solitary, upper corymbous. Fr. roundish, glaucous, of a lively, agreeable taste, ripe in Jl. Fls. May. ‡
13 R. rosasfolius L. Bridal Rose. Erect, branching, armed with nearly straight prickles; lvs. pinnately 3 to 7-foliate, lfts. ovate-lanceolate, subplicate, doubly serrate, smooth beneath, velvety above; stip. minute, subulate; sep. spread tag, long-acuminate, shorter than the narrow-obovate, emarginate petals; sty. 00.- A delicate house plant, with snow white double fls. Native of Mauritius.
20. DALIBAR'DA, L. False Violet. (Named by Linnaeus, in honor of Dalibard, a French botanist.) Calyx inferior, deeply 5 to 6-parted, spreading, 3 of the segments larger; petals 5; stamens numerous; styles 5 to 8, long, deciduous; fruit achenia, dry or somewhat drupaceous.- Low herbs. St. creeping, Lvs. undivided. Scapes 1 to 2-flowered.
D. repens L. Diffuse, pubescent, bearing creeping shoots; lvs. simple, roundish-cordate, crenate; stip. linear-setaceous; cal. spreading in flower, erect in fruit. - In low woods, Penn. to Can. Creeping stems 1 or 2' to 10 or 12' in length. Lvs.
1 to 2' diam., rounded at apex, cordate at base, villous-pubescent on petioles I,
2 or 3' long. Scapes 1-flowered, about as long as the petioles. Petals white, obovate, longer than the sepals. Jn.
21. WALDSTEI'MA, Willd. Dry Strawberry. (In honor of Franz de Waldstein, a German botanist.) Calyx 5-cleft, with 5 alter-ate, sometimes minute and deciduous bractlets; petals 5 or more, sessile, deciduous; stamens numerous, inserted into the calyx; styles 2 to
0 ; achenia few, dry, on a dry receptacle. - Acaulescent herbs, with lobed or divided radical lvs., and yellow fls.