10 R. micrantha Smith. Small-flowered Sweet Brier. St. glabrous, armed with few, equal, strong, recurved prickles; lfts. 5 to 7, ovate, rusty-glandular beneath, fls. solitary, small; sep. deciduous from the ovate or oblong fruit; ped. somewhat hispid. - Roadsides and pastures, N. Eng. A large shrub, 6 to 8f high, much resembling the last. Fls. usually white, much smaller (15" diam.) than in that species. Jn. § Eur.
11 R. sempervlrens Ser. Evergreen Rose. St. climbing; prickles sub-equal; lfts.persistent, 5 to 7, coriaceous; fls. subsolitary or corymbous; sep. sub-entire, elongated; sty. coherent into an elongated column; fr. ovoid or subglob-ous, yellow, and with the ped. glandular-hispid. - Allied to the following, but its leaves are coriaceous and evergreen, persistent until January. - Among the varieties of this (or the next?) species is the Virginia Lass, with blush white fls.
12 R. arvensis L. Ayrshire Rose. Shoots very long and flexile; prickles unequal, falcate; lfts. 6 to 7, smooth, or with scattered hairs, and glaucous beneath, deciduous; fls. solitary or corymbous; sep. subentire, short: sty. cohering in a long, glabrous column; fr. ovoid-globous, smoothish. - England. The shoots grow 15 to 20f in a season, and are very hardy. Fls. white to blush, crimson and purple. - Here belong the varieties known as the Adam Tea, Mrs. Pierce's, etc.
13 R. cinnamomea L. Cinnamon Rose. St. tall, with ascending branches; prickles of the younger stems numerous, scattered, of the branches few, larger, stipular, curved; lfts. 5 to 7, oval-oblong, simply serrate, grayish-pubescent beneath; stip. dilated and acuminate above, more or less involute, wavy; ped. short and cal. glabrous; sep. entire, as long as the petals; fr. smooth, globous, crowned with the connivent calyx lobes. - Native of Eur. Sts. 5 to 12f high, with reddish bark. Fls. mostly double, pink, purple, or red.
14 R. canina L. Dog Rose. Prickles remote, strong, compressed, falcate; lfts. 5 to 9, with acute, incurred, and often double serratures; stip. rather broad, serrulate; ped. and cal. smooth or hispid; sep. after flowering deflexed and deciduous; fr. ovoid, red. - Native of Europe. Shrub 4 to 8f high.
β. Burboniana Ser. Lfts. ovate, subcordate, simply dentate; fls. purple, double and semidouble; pet. concave; sop. entire. - A splendid class of roses, of which more than 100 varieties are cultivated. They are hardy, with ample and glossy foliage. 18 other varieties are described by Seringe in DC.
15 R. centifolia L. Hundred-leaved or Provens Rose. Prickles nearly straight, scarcely dilated at base; lfts. 5 to 7, ovate, glandular-ciliate on the margin, subpilous beneath; flower-bud short-ovoid; sep. spreading (not deflexed) in flower; fr. ovoid; cal. and ped. glandular-hispid, viscid and fragrant. - From S. Europe. Shrub 2 to 4f high, very prickly. Fls. usually of a pink color, but varying in hue, form, size, eta, through a hundred known varieties, among which are the incomparable moss rose, the cabbage, etc.
16 R. damascena Ait. Damask Rose. St. branching and bushy, armed with unequal spines, mostly stipular, cauline ones broad, falcate or hooked; lfts. large, broadly elliptical, downy-canescent; sep. reflexed; fr. ovoid, elongated.- Native of the Levant. Shrub 3 to 4f high. Fls. rather numerous, of a delicate, pale, roseate hue, usually with very numerous petals, and a delicious fragrance. Among its numerous varieties is the common Monthly, low, blooming at all seasons.
17 R. alba L. White Garden Rose. Erect, tall, slightly glaucous: prickles slender, recurved, sometimes wanting; lfts. roundish-ovate, shortly acuminate; petioles and veins subtomentous, glandular; sep. pinnatifld; pet. spreading; fr. ovoid, nearly smooth. - From Germany. Shrub 5 to 8f high. Fls. large, corymbous, sweet-scented, generally pure white, but often in its numerous varieties, tinged with the most delicate blush.
18 R. moschata L. Musk Rose. Shoots ascending and climbing; prickles cauline, slender, recurved; lfts. 5 to 7, lanceolate, acuminate, smoothish, discolored; stip. very narrow, acute; fls. often very numerous; ped. and cal. subhispid; sep.
subpinnatifid, elongated and appendiculate; fr. ovoid, red. Native of - Sts.
trailing or climbing 10 to 12f. Fls. peculiarly fragrant, rather large, white, produced in panicles.
19 R. Indica L. Chinese Monthly or Bengal Rose. Erect or climbing, purplish, prickles strong, remote; lfts. 3 to 5, ovate, acuminate, coriaceous, shining, smooth, serrulate, discolored; stip. very narrow; fls. solitary or paniculate; ped. often thickened, and, with the cal. smooth, or glandular-hispid; sep. mostly entire; stam. inflexed; fr. turbinate? - Splendid varieties, blooming from Apr. to Nov. Fls. of every hue from pure white to crimson, as the Noisette, Sanguinea (foliage as well as fls. blood-red), Youland of Aragon, Giant of battles, Cloth-of-gold (sulphur yellow), and the favorite Tea Roses.
β. lawrenciana. Miss Lawrence's Rose. St. and branches aculeate, bristly and subglabrous; lfts. ovate, purplish beneath: ped. obovate-acumin-ate. - A class of varieties with very small flowers, pink to deep purple. (R. Lawrenciana Lindl. R. Indica acuminata Ser.)
20 R. alpina Ser. Alpine or Boursault Rose. Younger shoots echinate with numerous weak prickles, older ones smooth, rarely armed with strong prickles; lfts. 5 to 11, ovate or obovate, sharply and often doubly serrate; stip. narrow, apex diverging; ped. deflexed after flowering, and with the cal. hispid or smooth; sep. entire, spreading; fr. ovoid, pendulous, crowned with the con-nivent calyx. - Hardy, vigorous, climbing, with pink, red or crimson flowers.
21 R. eglanteria Ser. Yellow Rose. Austrian Eglantine. St. with a cinerous bark, branches red, both armed with straight, slender, scattered prickles; lvs. 5 to 7, small, brond-oval or obovate, smooth, shining above, sharply serrate; cal. nearly naked and entire; pet. largo, broad-obcordate. - From Germany. Shrub about 3f high, bushy. Fls. numerous of a golden yellow, very fugacious, of less agreeable fragrance than the leaves. There are many varieties, both single and double, variegated with rod. Jn. (R. lutea Mill.)