11 V. sororia Don ? Prostrate, somewhat hairy; Ivs. multifid, with narrow, ciliate segments; spikes pedunculate, short; bracts half as long as the slender calyx; cor. small, lobes emarginate.-Garden Verbenas, with much smaller flowers, usually pure white, † Asia.
2. LIP'PIA, L. Fog-fruit. (To Augustus Lippi, a French physician.). Calyx 2-partcd, compressed, erect, membranous, shorter than the tube of the corolla; corolla funnel-shaped, limb sublabiate, upper lip entire or emarg. lower 3-lobed; stam. didynamous, included ; drupe dry, thin, enclosed in the calyx, 2-seeded.-Shrubs or prostrate herbs, with opposite lvs. Hds, of fls. on axillary peduncles. (Zapania, Juss.)
L. nodiflora Mx. Glabrous, procumbent; st. 4-angled, geniculate, simple, Ivs; lanceolate, varying to oblanceolate, obtuse or acute, cuneate at base, petiolate, shorter than the peduncles.- On river banks, Penn. to Ind., Ill. and La. Sts. lf or more long. Lvs. with conspicuous veins, 1 to 2' long, 1/3 to 1/2 as wide, pe tioles 3 to 6". Ped. 2 to 3'. Hds, ovoid or roundish, at length cylindric-oblong. Fls. small, purplish white. Jl., Aug. (Z. nodiflora and lanceolata Ph. etc.)
3. PHRY'MA, L. Lop-seed. Calyx cylindric, bilabiate, upper lip longer, 3-cleft, lower lip 2-toothed ; corolla bilabiate, upper lip emarginate, much smaller than the 3-lobcd lower one; stamens included ; fruit dry, oblong, striate, 1-celled, 1-seedcd.- Herbs with opposite lvs. Fls. opposite, spicate, deflexed in fruit.
P. leptostachya L. Rocky woods, Can. and U. S. Stem 2-3f high. Leaves large (3-6' long), thin and coarsely toothed, on short stalks. Fls. small, opposite, light purple, in very long and slender spikes, of which one is terminal, the rest opposite and axillary, each often with a pair of bracts below. After flowering the calyx closes upon the fruit and becomes reflexed backwards close to the stem. Jl.
4. CALLICAR'PA, L. French Mulberry. (Gr. beautiful, fruit; for its abundant purple berries.) Calyx 4-toothed, bellshaped ; corolla short-bell-shaped, limb of 4 obtuse segments ; stamens 4, unequal, exserted ; stigma capitate, 2-lobed; drupe juicy, enclosing 4 nutlets.-Shrubs with opposite lvs. and axillary, subumbellate fls.
C. Americana L. Branches and lvs. beneath downy; lvs. ovate, acuminate at each end, crenate-dentate, smooth above; clusters cymous compound, shorter than the petioles; fruit forming dense verticils.-Light soils. S. States common. Shrub much branched, 3 to 5f high. Lvs. 3 to 5' by 2 to 3' discolored beneath. Fls. small, purple. Berries abundant, as largo as in Elder, sweetish. May-Jl.
5. LANTA'NA, L. (An ancient name for the Viburnum ; from the resemblance.) Calyx membranous, minute, obsoletely 4-toothed ; cor.
fnnnel-form, the tube long-exserted; limb oblique, sublabiate, upper lip bifid or entire, lower trifid; stam. didynamous, included, inserted in the cor. tube; drupe fleshy, double, the parts separable, 1-seeded.-Tropical shrubs with square steins, opposite leaves, and capitate, showy flowers.
1 L. Camara L. Branches and ped. scabrous-pubescent, often aculeate; lvs ovate and ovate-oblong, or sub-cordate, short-petiolate, serrate ; reticulate-rugous.* scabrous; ped. many, dense-flowered, subumbellate, as long as the leaves; bracts lance-linear, half as long as the corolla.-S. Ga., Fla. to La., and S. to Brazil. Shrub 2 to 6f high. Fls. at first golden yellow, soon becoming orange and finally-red. Drupes small, blue. Jn.-Aug. (L. Bartramii Baldw.) †
2 L. mixta L. Plant pilous-hirsute, with wide-spread branches, mostly armed with reversed prickles; lvs. shaped as in No. ]; ped. longer than the leaves; bracts linear-lanceolate, hairy, the outer as long as the corolla.-Greenhouse shrub 3 to 4f high. Fls. at first whitish, then yellow, next orange, lastly red. †
6. ALOYS'IA, Ortega & Palan. (To Mary Louisa, queen of Spain, mother of Ferdinand.) Calyx deeply 4-cleft; corolla tubular, limb 4-lobed, oblique; stam. didynamous, included; capsule double, parts 1* seeded; stig. emarginate.-Shrubs with the small fls. in a panicle of spikes or racemes. From S. Am. (Lippia, Schauer.)
A. citriodora Kunth. Lemon-scented Aloysia. Smooth or the branches roughish; lvs. verticil, in 3s and 4s, linear-lanceolate, short-petioled, acute at each end, mostly entire, glandular-punctate beneath, coriaceous, with divaricate, straight veinlets; panicle terminal, naked or leafy below.-Gardens, cult, for its delightful fragrance which is exhaled by the numerous small fls. as well as the bruised leaves, † Paraguay.
7. CLERODEN'DRUM,L. (Gr. , chance, a tree; referring to its doubtful medicinal effects.) Cal. bell-shaped, 5-toothed; cor. salver-form, tube often elongated, limb subequally 5-cleft; drupe baccate, 4-carpeled, carpels, 1-seeded.-Tropical shrubs or trees, with opposite leaves and fls. in cymes.
1 C. paniculatum L. Lvs. long-petioled, cordate-hastate, 5 to 7-lobed, lobes acute; panicle of cymes terminal, large, pyramidal; cor. tube slender, 4 times longer than the calyx.-Shrub with ample leaves and scarlet (6" long) corollas. † Asia.
2 C. squamatum Vahl Lvs. roundish, deeply reniform-cordate, lobes acuminate, repand-dentate; pyramidal panicle terminal, loose, wholly colored.-Shrub 8 to 10f high. Fls. scarlet. Stam. long-exserted. Cor. limb revolute. † Japan. -Other species are rarely cult.
8. VITEX, L. Chaste-tree. Calyx 5-toothed; cor. cup-shaped, limb 5-lobed; bilabiate; stem, didynamous, ascending, exserted ; drupe entire, 4-celled, 4-seeded.-Shrubs with opposite, mostly digittate leaves, and paniculate cymes.
1 V. Negundo. Leaves long-petiolate, digitately ternate or quinate, lfts. oblong, acuminate, serrate; panicle compound.-Shrub 4f high. Cor. purple, pulverulent. Stam. little exserted. † Mauritius.
2 V Agnus-castus L. Lvs. long-petioled, 5-7-foliate; lfts. lanceolate, acuminate, entire; panicles terminal and axillary, interrupted; cymes subses-sile.-Shrub 6f high. Cor. pale, lilac. Stam long exserted. † S. Eur.