Nearly allied to Bryum Warneum, agreeing in the peculiar peristome and the very large spores, about 0.05 mm.,etc, but differing principally in the leaves being longer acuminate, entire, revolute at the borders, the costa long-excurrent, the capsule narrower and the lid lower; flagelliform branches absent. Monoecious.
On damp, sandy soil close to the sands of Brackley Beach, Prince Edward Island, July 7th, 1888. (Macoun.)
(466.) B. brachyneuron, Kindb. Ott. Nat. Vol. V., p. 180.
Agrees with Bryum pendulum in the synoecious inflorescence, the peristomes orange, the segments adhering to the teeth, the apiculate lid and large spores (about 0.04 mm.); differs in the leaves being decurrent, short-ovate, the costa broad, abbreviate, not excurrent, the shoots bearing globose buds (gemmae), the very much broader peristomial teeth. Stem red, very short; the pedicel about 1 cm. long or shorter, often scarcely emerging above the tufts; costa of the lowest leaves red, percurrent only in the leaves of the shoots and the periche-tial ones; capsule ventricose, short-necked, constricted below the mouth.
Bryum fallax, Milde, resembling it in habit, is dioecious; the segments are free, the spores smaller. Bryum lacustre differs in the not decurrent leaves, the capsule not constricted below the mouth, the pedicel is longer and the peristome is pale, etc.
St. Paul Island, Behring Sea. 1891. (J. M. Macoun.)
(467.) B. fallax, Milde, Bryol. Siles. St. Matthew Island, Behring Sea, August 10th, 1891. (J. M. Macoun.)
Peninsula of Shumagin, Alaska. (Harrington.) Kotzebue Island. (Roth. Alask.) Greenland. (Fl. Gr.)
(469.) B. flexuosum, Aust.; Lesq. [& James, Mosses of N. America, 227.
Wet gravelly ground along the Blackwater River; also at Quesnel on the Fraser River, and at Stewart's Lake, B.C. (Macoun.)
(470.) B. calophyllum, B. Brown; Lesq. & James, Mosses of N.
Melville Island. (Parry.) Greenland. (Fl. Gr.)
(471.) B. oeneum, Blytt., Bryol. Europ.; Greenland Flora, 367.
Smith's Sound, between lat. 78°-82°. (Dr. Hayes.) Clavering and Sabine Island, (Fl. Gr.)
Wet places, Gunn River, Anticosti; Sugar Loaf Mountain, Campbell-ton, N.B.; wet rocks, Gaspé Coast, Que.; and along the shores of Lake Superior and westward to Rainy Lake; House Mountain, near Lesser Slave Lake; on earth along the Blackwater River, B.C.
(Macoun.) On wet rocks, River du Loup (en bas), Que. (St. Cyr.) Tay, York Co., N.B. (J. Moser.)
(473.) B. Labradorense, Philib. revue-byrol. 1889, p. 61.
Allied to Bryum inclinatum; also found in Norway. Labrador, (Gremann fide Philibert.)
(474.) B. intermedium, Brid.; Lesq. & James, Mosses of N. America, 228; Canadian Musci, No. 169.
B. occidentale, Canadian Musci, No. 390.
Grand Falls of Nipisiquit, N.B. (Fowler's Gat.) Crevices of rocks, chiefly limestone, across the continent. At Truro, N.S.; Brackley Point, Prince Edward Island; along the Moira River at Belleville. Ont.; along Lake Nepigon and Lake Superior; also at Lake Winnipegoosis, Man.; on the Pembina River, west of Edmonton, Athabasca; Cypress Hills, Alberta; wet rocks, "Dry Canon," discharge of Devil's Lake, Rocky Mountains; Blackwater River and Spence's Bridge, B.C.; quite common at Comox and Victoria, Vancouver Island. (Macoun.) In woods at Kingston, Ont. (Prof. Fowler.') On Mansfield Island, Hudson Strait. (R. Bell.) In rocky places at Canaan Forks, Queen's Co., N.B. (J. Moser.) At New Harbor, Pickle Harbor and Norman Cove, Newfoundland. (Rev. A. Waghorne.) Greenland. (Fl. Gr.)
* B. mamilligerum, Kindb. (n. sub-sp.)
Differs from Bryum intermedium in the leaves being distinctly margined, nearly flat on the borders; capsule oblique, distinctly constricted below the mouth, often horizontally patent; lid mammillate, not apiculate; spores larger, about 0.025 mm.; stem very short, 1-2 mm.
On damp rocks in the "Dry Caiion," near the discharge of Devil's Lake, Rocky Mountains, August 10th, 1891. (Macoun.)
(475.) B. cirrhatum, Hoppe & Hornsch.; Lesq. & James, Mosses of N. America, 228.
On rocks along the Gaspé Coast, Que. (Macoun.) Crevices of rocks near the summit of Mount Queest, B.C. (J. M. Macoun.) Miquelon
Island. (Delaware.) Newfoundland (?) (Rev. A. Waghorne.) Greenland. (Fl. Gr.)
Var. megalosporum, Kindb. (n. var.)
Differs principally in the large spores, about 0.03 mm. On wet soil on rocks, North Arm, Burrard Inlet, B.C., April 29th, 1889. (Macoun.)
(476.) B. nitidulum, Lindb.; Fl. Greenland, 367. Upernivik, Jakobshavn, Greenland. (Fl Gr.)
(477.) B. bimum, Schreb.; Lesq. & James, Mosses of N. America, 229; Canadian Musci, No. 170.
B. turbinatum, Drumm. Musc. Bor. - Am., No. 266.
Common in marshes; and upon moist banks. (Drummond.) St. John and New Harbor, Newfoundland. (Rev. A. Waghorne.) Borders of swamps, Bass River and St. John, N. B. (Fowler's Cat.) In Halifax and Pictou counties, N.S. (McKay.) Wet woods at Canaan Forks, and boggy places at Elmwood, York Co., N.B. (J. Moser.) Common near London, Ont. (J. Dearness.) Quite common in marshy spots in woods across the continent. Swamps, Straits of Canso, N.S.; in woods, Gaspé coast, Que.; common at Ottawa and Belleville, Ont.; also in swamps, North Bay, Lake Nipissing, and at Nepigon, Lake Superior; on earth, Manitoba House, Man.; also at McLeod's Lake and Agassiz, B.C.; common at Victoria, Vancouver Island. (Macoun.) Saskatchewan and Rocky Mountains. (Bourgeau.) Galton Mountains, B.C. (Lyall.) Franz Joseph Fjord. (Fl. Gr.)
Var. angustifolium, Kindb. (n. var.)
Leaves narrow, loosely disposed; pedicel shortly emerging above the innovations; stem 5 cm. high.
On wet rocks at Cape Vincent, near Kingston, Ont., June 1st, 1881. (Prof. James Fowler.)