Figwort. Scrophularia marilandica L.

Figure 49.—Figwort (Scrophularia marilandica)


Scrophularia nodosa var. marilandica A. Gray.

Other Common Names

Maryland figwort, heal-all, pilewort, carpenter square.

Habitat And Range

This plant, often galled Maryland figwort, is found in woodlands from Maine to Kansas and south to Georgia and Tennessee.


The figwort is 3 to l0 feet high with 4-angled stems widely branched above and slender-stemmed, somewhat egg-shaped or lance-shaped sharply toothed leaves 3 to 9 inches long. The numerous small, greenish-purple flowers are produced from July to September in rather open panicles.

Part Used

The herb.