Tamarack. Larix laricina (DuRoi) K. Koch.

Figure 106.—Tamarack (Larix laricina)


Larix americana Michx.

Other Common Names

American larch, black larch, red larch, hackmatack.

Habitat And Range

This tree frequents swamps and moist places from Canada south to New Jersey, Indiana, and Minnesota.


The tamarack, a slender tree with horizontally spreading branches, sometimes reaches a height of 100 feet. The pale-green leaves, which have a feathery appearance early in spring, are very slender and needle shaped, from 20 to 40 being together in a bundle, similar to the manner in which pine needles grow. Unlike the pine, however, the tamarack loses its leaves upon the approach of winter. Male and female flowers are produced, the latter developing into small, erect cones. The bark is thin and close, becoming scaly with age.

Part Used

The bark.