Flowers Of The Cornfields 1Flowers Of The Cornfields 2

The achenes are dispersed by the wind, the fruit being ribbed and winged, though in the case of ray florets they are not winged.

Corn Marigold is more or less strictly a sand plant, growing on sand soil. It is common on the sandy beds of the Lias, especially the Marlstone Rockbed.

The larva of Phytomyza affinis mines the leaves of this species and of Chrysanthemum Leucanthemum.

Chrysanthemum, Dioscorides, is from the Greek chrysos, gold, anthos, flower, and the second Latin name refers to its cornfield habitat.

The plant goes by many different names: Bigold, Boodle, Boswell, Yellow Bottle, Bothem, Bothen, Botherum, Bothul, Bozzom, Buddie, Budland, Golden Corn-flower, Corn Marigold, Fat Hen, Geal Gowan or Geal Seed, Gil Gowan, Gold, Yellow Gold, Golding, Goldings, Marigold Goldings, Goles, Golland, Gool or Goold, Gouls, Gowan, Gule or Yellow Gowan, Manelet, Marigold, Field or Wild Marigold, Marigold Goldins, Moon or Moons, Ox-eye, Ruddes, Sunflower, Tansy.

As to the name Boodle a writer remarks:

"The brake and the cockle be noisome too much, Yet like unto Boodle no weed there is such".

In regard to Gool or Goold, the term gool-riding was applied to the custom of riding through a parish to observe the growth of this plant, and to fine the negligent farmer who allowed it to increase on his land.

"As yellow as a gowland" is a proverb in Yorkshire.

Essential Specific Characters: 159. Chrysanthemum segetum, L.- Stem erect, branched, glaucous, glabrous, upper leaves clasping, dentate, oblong, lobed, flowerheads yellow, phyllaries broad, with margin membranous.