6. Small Periwinkle (Vinca minor, L.).

1. Wayfaring Tree ( Viburnum Lantana, L.). 2. Honeysuckle (Lonicera Periclymenum, L.). 3. Woodruff (As-perula odorata, L. ). 4. Primrose (Primula vulgaris, Huds.). 5. Wood Loosestrife (Lysimachia nemorum, L.). - 6. Small Periwinkle (Vinca minor, L.).

The fruit is edible, and the seeds are dispersed by animals.

This is a lime- loving plant, addicted to a lime soil on chalk or oolite, and is also found in hedgerows along macadamized roads.

A gall-fly, Eriophyes tetanothrix, infests it, and Aphis viburni lives on it. Two beetles, Galeruca viburni, Eus-phalera primulce, and the moths Peronea ruffana, Lithocolletis lantanella, Coleophora paripennella feed on it.

Viburnum, Varro, is the Latin name for the plant. Lantana, Dodonaeus, may be from the Latin verb lento, I make flexible.

This shrub is called Cottoner, Cotton-tree, Coventree, Lithewort, Mealy-tree, Twist-wood, Wayfaring Tree, Whip-crop, Whitewood. It was called Twist-wood because plough boys twisted it into handles for whips, called "twists". Gerarde invented the name Wayfaring Tree. The name Cotton-tree is from its soft foliage. It is called Mealy Tree because its leaves are white, mealy, soft, and tomentose, or clothed with cotton, and downy. It was dedicated to the festival on Whitsuntide. The twigs are used for making bird-lime.

Essential Specific Characters: 138. Viburnum Lantana, L. - Shrub, with mealy, flexible, branched stems, leaves hoary below, asperous, ovate-serrate, flowers white, in a cyme, perfect, berries scarlet, then black.

Wayfaring Tree (Viburnum Lantana, L.)

Photo. Dr. Somerville Hastings - Wayfaring Tree (viburnum Lantana, L.)