Stems: erect, branched at base. Leaves: trifoliolate; leaflets sessile, rhombic-ovate, unequally serrate. Flowers: solitary; sepals acute, equalling the obovate entire petals. Fruit: light red, of several drupelets, edible.
A dwarf alpine Raspberry, about six inches high, that grows at an altitude of 8000 feet. It has a few large three-parted leaves and one or two rose-pink flowers composed of six long, widely separated petals. The long thin roots strike straight down into the earth, and therefore when you attempt to pick one of these little plants it usually comes up altogether out of the ground in your hand. The Arctic Raspberry has no prickles.
Rubus spectabilis, or Salmonberry, has shrubby branching stems, yellowish shreddy bark, and is copiously armed when young with straight stout prickles. The leaves are usually trifoliolate, the leaflets being deeply toothed, and the pinkish-red flowers are nearly always solitary, large and showy. The Indians are very fond of the sweet juicy red or yellow berries.