Anemone pulsatilla is an old-fashioned English perennial border flower, easily cultivated, and described by Gerarde, the herbalist, in his book written two hundred and fifty years ago, thus :- "It hath many small leaves, finely cut or jagged, like those of carrots, among which rise up naked stalkes roughf, hairie, whereupon doe grow beautiful floures, bell-fashion, of a bright delaied purple color; in the bottom whereof groweth a tuft of yellow thrumbs, and in the middle of the thrumbs it thrusteth forth a small purple pointell. When the whole flower is passed, there succeedeth an head or knob, compact of many gray hairy lockes, and in the solid part of the knob lieth the seed, flat and hairy, - every seed having his own small haire hanging at it. The root is thicke and knobby, of a finger long, running right down, and therefore not unlike those of the Anemone, which it doth in all its other parts very notably resemble, and whereof no doubt this is a kind."
A. nemerosa, or Wood Anemone, is one of our earliest flowers in spring, appearing in April, and continuing through May; found in company with violets and other vernal flowers, it woods and pastures, and by the side of walls and fences. It grows in spreading clusters, sending up its stem, bearing three leaves, which is crowned with one single white flower, the external part of which is of a reddish-purple.
There is another indigenous species of the Anemone, a perennial also, called the rue-leaved, or A. thalictroides, which is distinguished from the last by its number of flowers and more finely-divided leaves. Flowers white, in April and May.
These two species require some care in transplanting, as the roots are delicate and straggling. It requires shade and moisture.