Bold and stately, this tall and rather stiff white-flowered perennial herb rears its wand-like spires from two to seven feet high in rich, moist woods, thickets, and meadows, from June to September. The plant is smooth, slender, and usually unbranched. The long-tapering lance-shaped, short-stemmed, sharply toothed, and noticeably veined leaves are arranged in circles of from three to nine. The numerous white or bluish, four-lobed, long, tubular flowers have two protruding stamens each, and are densely crowded on long, slender terminal spikes. This plant is said to have been used considerably as a remedy in domestic practice by the Indians and the early settlers. It is found from Canada to Alabama, Mississippi, and Nebraska.