The fields, meadows, and roadsides of our more northern and eastern states and Canada are brightened from May to November with the beautiful, wheel-like, golden and white flowers of the Daisy. In June, when their flowering season is at its height, many of our fields are completely snowed over with their starry blossoms. During the annual graduation exercises at Vassar College, the famous Daisy-chain, an immense rope made from thousands of Daisies, is carried on dainty pillows which rest upon the shoulders of our fairest maidens, and their combined beauty inspires the beholder with an admiration for this flower that never wanes. Even country schools have their class mottoes or more frequently the word "welcome" reproduced in Daisies and strung across the blackboards on closing day. On Memorial Day, school children make wreaths of Daisies and decorate the graves of soldiers. Every lassie has "told her fortune" by plucking away the white "petals" one by one, to determine the pursuit of her future husband, while chanting:
"Rich man, Poor man, Beggar man, Thief. Doc-tor, Law-yer, Mer-chant, Chief," or to tell whether her lover " loves me, or loves me not." Various other pastimes are indulged in by separating the tiny yellow disc florets and throwing them over the shoulder from the back of the hand, and deciding by those remaining, any one of a dozen fancies. The Daisy is the state flower of Tennessee. In France, the Orleanists wear white Daisies. The usually simple perennial stem rises from one to three feet and is often tufted and nearly erect. It is sparingly leaved with partly clasping, generally lance-shaped leaves which are variously cut and notched with larger, spreading teeth at the base. The basal leaves have long, slender stems and are oblong, broader toward the rounding tip, and coarsely cut and notched. They are firm-textured, dark green, and strongly ribbed. The slightly hollowed, yellow centre is composed of many densely packed, tubular florets and is surrounded with from twenty to thirty beautiful, long, white, spreading ray-flowers. Their surface is slightly grooved and they are finely toothed at the tip. They are secured in a wide, flat, green support set singly on the tips of the stems. The Daisy is not so common south and west. It is naturalized from Europe.
OX-EYE DAISY. Chrysanthemum Leucanthemum.