This common, slender and smooth-stemmed Golden-rod is characterized by the strong resemblance of its leaves to those of the Elm tree. They are thintextured, and the margins are coarsely and sharply toothed. They are long-oblong, or lance-shaped, and pointed and tapering to the base, loosely veined, and usually velvety to the touch on the under side. The smooth stalk becomes hairy toward the top, where it branches loosely into several slender, leafy, recurving and spreading stems, along one side, of which near the tips, are set the little yellow flowers. The latter have about four rays. This species selects the broken shadows of dry rocky woods and copses, from Maine to Georgia, and west to Minnesota and Texas, from July to September.