Violets are probably the best and most popularly known of all the wild flowers. The Latin name Viola, is derived from the classic Greek, Ion. Jupiter, we are told, fell in love with Io, the daughter of the river god, Inachus, and in order to conceal her from the jealousy of Juno, his wife, Jupiter changed Io into a heifer, and then created the fragrant Violet that she might feed upon the delicate petals during her transformation. So runs this ancient Greek myth regarding the origin of the Violet. Be this as it may, Jupiter must have considered the creation of the Violet with exceeding affection for Io, since his irony is revealed later in the lines of Shakespeare, who regarded the Violet "sweeter than the lids of Juno's eyes." The Violet became the national emblem of the Greeks. They wove it into the chaplets with which they crowned both the living and the dead, as occasion required. The flowers were used extensively for decorating on gay, festive and holiday celebrations, and they also served an equal purpose in times of grief and sorrow as a fitting tribute to the departed. There was a superstition among the Greeks that the Violet possessed a charm that could stay the ill-effects of excessive indulgence in wine. Wreaths of Violets were cast upon the cradles of children and the beds of young bridal couples much after the custom with which we shower the latter with rice and old shoes, as a token of good luck. The former ceremony is still practised in parts of Germany, where the Violet is also believed to prevent ague. The Violet has some religious significance among the followers of Mohammed, who considered the odour of the Violet, which he referred to as the "Flower of Humility," superior to all others. The Romans offered Violets of solid gold as prizes for poetic competitions. In England, broths, salads, and puddings were at one time flavoured with Violets, and many dishes were garnished with the flowers. Napoleon adopted the Violet as his emblem, and when he ascended the steps of the Tuileries, upon his return from Elba, he was greeted with showers of Violets from every direction, and beautiful violet-gowned ladies and children welcomed him with great masses of the flowers which were cast before him that he might tread upon them. In Paris, the statues commemorating the loss of Alsace and Lorraine, and the tomb of Victor Hugo in the Pantheon, are annually decorated with wreaths of Violets. In royal and in religious ceremonies violet is a conspicuous colour. It is the college colour of New York University. Yale University has adopted the Violet as its floral emblem, and it is also the state flower of Rhode Island. Several fragrant varieties have been highly cultivated, and are regularly sold by florists for every conceivable floral purpose, and they are popularly worn as a corsage and buttonhole nosegay. The odour of Violets is one of the most popular known, and it is extensively used in scenting soaps, perfumery, and other toilet preparations. Candies, syrups, and cordials are flavoured with it, and even glace or sugared Violets are sold at the confectioners. Over sixty thousand acres of flowers are regularly cultivated about the town of Grasse, in France, purposely for the manufacture of perfumery. Literally it is the "sweetest" spot in the world, and tons upon tons of Violets are annually gathered and spread upon frames of greased glass which catch and retain the minute particles of precious oil contained in the flowers - an industry involving hundreds of thousands of dollars.