Red, without,; yellow within.
Flowers: axillary; clustered in spiked whorls. Calyx: five-toothed. Corolla: trumpet-shaped; five-lobed Stamens: five. Pistil: one. Fruit: a round, red berry. Leaves: opposite; oval; clasping at the base, the upper ones united about the stem; glossy; thick; nearly evergreen. A shrub; climbing.
This is one of the most unique of the family. The clasping leaves seem to be a series of difficulties through which the blossoms have triumphantly passed.
L. Japonica, Japanese honeysuckle, or woodbine, is the variety that is most frequently chosen for cultivation. Its blossoms are white, or yellow, and the tubular corolla is long, with protruding stamens and style.
Few flowers can vie with it in delightful fragrance, and this has no doubt had much to do with the fondness that poets have felt for it. The name woodbine alludes to the way it has of entwining itself with some near object, "as though in wedlock." It gives freely as well as receives; for the rock or tree that gives it support is made by it a bower of beauty. In climbing it turns from east to west, and for its home chooses the quietude of the rocky woodlands.