To an extent not realized with anv of the stone fruits, the peach is now a commercial fruit in every village, city, and mining and lumber camp of the Union. Yet the immense supply comes mainly from a few peach-growing centres. Prominent among these are the Michigan fruit-belt, the Long Island and Chesapeake peninsular belt, the ridge lands of part of Georgia and Alabama, and the Pacific coast. Yet the peach is grown across the continent by home-growers and locally in a commercial way. As stated of other stone fruits we may, in the near future, secure hardier varieties of equal size and quality of fruit from the original home of the species in central Asia and northwestern China. Our commercial varieties are derived from the original introductions from southern Persia, and they do not differ materially in hardiness of tree or fruit buds. But equally good varieties we now know are found far north of Persia in central Asia. Albert Regel says: "In Darvas the peach forms tops thirty feet high, with broad spread of branches. The rough-skinned giant peaches of the garden of Kalaichumb are of unsurpassed lusciousness and aroma and most inviting bloom. They attain the size of an average apple. The number of rough-skinned varieties is considerable. The yellow peaches are especially sweet."
As the points here named are the original home of such hardy trees and shrubs as the Eleagnus angustifolia and. Lonicera tartarica, with hot dry summers and cold winters, it suggests a possibility of extending the American peach-belt farther north. In support of this belief the writer obtained a few peach pits in 1883 from south Bokhara, from which have come such varieties as Bokhara No. 3 and No. 10, which have proven fully thirty per cent hardier than any of the old varieties.