Since the writer's visit to Europe many adverse opinions have been given by eminent horticulturists of Europe on modern root-grafting and stock-budding. As instances, F. W. Burbidge, a practical propagator and fruit-grower and the author of "The Propagation and Improvement of Cultivated Fruits" and other standard works on European horticulture, said, as early as 1888, editorially: "We doubt if there is a greater nuisance in the whole practice of gardening than the art of. grafting. It is clever, it is very interesting, but it will be no great loss if it is abolished altogether. It is for the convenience of nurserymen that it is done in nine cases out of ten, and in nearly all cases it is not only needless but harmful. If we made the nurserymen give us things on their own roots they would find some quicker means of doing so."

In a later number of The Field he said in reply to criticism: "If in certain cases grafting as a convenience has to be resorted to, then let it be root-grafting, a system that eventually affords the scion a chance of rooting on its own account in a natural way."

The editor of the London Garden, in his comments on the subject, said: "We should not plant any grafted tree or shrub, so far as ornamental trees or shrubs are concerned. There may be reason for the universal grafting of fruit-trees, but we doubt it." As usual, in this noted discussion over all Europe the extremes were urged on both sides.