The new wood of the preceding year's growth is usually used in grafting. In mild climate the new wood or scions are cut as used, or at least before starting of the buds. But at the North, especially west of the lakes, scions are cut late in autumn, tied up in bundles with the bases evened, and packed away in rather dry moss or forest leaves. Packed away in a box with dry leaves and kept in the cellar they may show a slight shrivelling of the bark when used in late winter. But in practice the relatively dry scion is more certain to make a good union and growth than those kept so moist that they show a callasing process at their base. If kept too wet the young wood will absorb water enough to change the cell starch to sugar water to some extent. In spring top-working in the orchard scions that seem a little dry will unite and grow, while those that show a callus at the base will fail. If designed for top-working in the spring, or for spring-budding, it is best toward spring to bury them in the sawdust on top of the ice in an ice-house.