(Greek, beautiful tree). Pallasia, Houtt, which is the older name. Rutaceae. One of the handsomest deciduous trees at the Cape of Good Hope; cultivated in northern greenhouses, and outdoors in southern California and southern Florida.

The great panicles of white or flesh-colored flowers are sometimes 7 in. across and 6 in. deep. It is a symmetrical tree, with attractive evergreen foliage and many interesting features. Called "wild chestnut" in Africa Prop, by cuttings of half-ripened wood under glass in heat. A monotypic genus.


Thunb. Cape Chestnut. Height in Africa 70 ft.: branches opposite, or in 3's: leaves simple, decussate, ovate, obtuse retuse or acute, parallel-nerved, 4-5 in. long, studded with oil-cysts, which look like translucent spots when held to the light: panicles terminal; peduncles usually trichotomous; calyx deciduous; petals 5, linear-oblong, 11/2 in. long, 2 lines wide, sprinkled with purple glands; stamens 10, 5 alternate, sterile, and petaloid: seeds 2 in each cell, larger than a hazelnut, black and shining. G.C. II. 19:217. Also written Calodendron capense.