This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
a. Racemes with flowers opening in succession. 1. speciosa aa. Racemes with flowers opening all at once. b. Scape of the raceme naked between the pseudobulb and lowest, flower-bract. C. Imbricated bracts below flowers none. d. Keels of lip extending into broadly ovate front lobe....... 2. lactea dd. Keels of lip not extending into ovate front lobe....... ..... 3. flaccida cc. Imbricated bracts below flowers several, close........................ 4. barbata bb. Scape of raceme with 1 or few scales between pseudobulb and lowest ft-, bract.
c. Lip with a large eye-like spot.... 5. nitida cc. Lip with no eye-like spot.
d. Keels of lip lacerated or fimbriated. e. The scape arising from large leaves
f. flower-bracts persistent....... 6. nervosa ff. flower-bracts deciduous....... 7. Sanderiana ee. The scape without large leaves f. Sepals about as long as broad; keels of the lip only slightly cut........ 8. Foerstermannii ff. Sepals about twice as long as broad; keels of lip strongly cut............ 9. cristata dd. Keels of lip warty.
e. Peduncle, rachis and ovaries tomentose. F. The scape arising from large leaves..............10. Dayana
FF. The scape without large leaves G. The keels in middle lobe of lip papillose.......11. tomentosa
GG. The keels in middle lip cut into tooth - like segments.............12. Massangeana ee. Peduncle, rachis and ovaries glabrous. F. Pseudobulbs elliptic to ovate-oblong, compressed. G. Middle lobe of lip separated from lateral lobes by a distinct claw.....13. pandurata gg. Middle lobe of lip sessile.li. Mayeriana FF. Pseudobulbs fusiform, 4-sided. g. Raceme many-fid., nodding................15. asperata
GG. Raceme few-fid., erect.. .16. Parishii
Pseudobulbs ovoid, distinctly angled, 2-3 in. long, 1-lvd.: Ivs. up to a foot long: racemes with 1, 2 or 3 flowers; sepals oblong, translucent, pale yellow-brown; petals pale yellow-brown, linear, reflexed; lateral lobes of lip erect, reticulated, with dull copper-brown on a blush-salmon ground, mid-lobe roundish, partly broad-margined with white; disk with 2 fringed ridges and umber-brown markings. Java. B.M. 4889. Gn. 49, p. 62. B.R. 33:23. CO. 3. variety alba, Hort. A light-colored form.
Pseudobulbs ovate, somewhat 4-sided, sulcate, 2-lvd., 3 in. long: Ivs. up to 10 in. long, 2 in. broad: flowers 6-12; sepals and petals spreading, cream-white, the sepals oblong-ovate, acuminate, the petals much narrower, linear-lanceolate; lip about as long as petals, the lateral lobes semi-ovate, truncate, the middle lobe about equaling one-half the whole length of the lip, triangular at the apex, acute, reflexed; keels 3, undulate, extending to the center of middle lobe. Burma.
Pseudobulbs ovate, angulate, 2-3 in. long: Ivs. lanceolate, about 8-10 in. long: raceme 7-12-flowered, cream-white, the sepals oblong, the petals linear-oblong; flowers 1 1/2 in. across; sepals and petals pendulous; lip with 3 ridges, the lateral lobes white, streaked red-brown inside, the middle lobe reflexed, acute, a bright yellow blotch on the disk. Nepal. B.M. 3318. B.R. 27:31. C.L.A. 6:166.
Pseudobulbs about 2 in. long, ovate: Ivs. broadly lanceolate, 10-12 in. long: raceme 6-10-flowered; sepals and petals white, the sepals ovate-oblong, the petals linear; mid-lobe of lip brownish inside, curiously fringed with brown; crests 3. Khasia hills.
Pseudobulbs pyriform or nearly so: Ivs. up to 1 ft. long, narrowly lanceolate: racemes erect, 5-8-flowered; flowers 2 in. across, white, the sepals oblong, the petals linear-oblong; lip with bright orange-yellow spots on each of the lateral lobes and 2 smaller spots at the base of the mid-lobe; disk with 3 keels, the front lobe of lip with 5. Himalayas, at an elevation of 7,000 ft. B.M. 3767. C.L.A. 1:55. variety maxima, Reichb. Racemes longer; flowers larger. J.H. III. 52:25.
Pseudobulbs ovate-pointed, 2 1/2-3 in. long: Ivs. 6-12 in. long: racemes 3-6-flowered; flowers white, 2-2 1/2 in. across; sepals and petals nearly equal, oblong and acute; lip with the lateral lobes striped red inside, the middle lobe ovate, acuminate; disk yellow, with 3 white fringed keels. India. B.M. 5601.
Pseudobulbs ovate and wrinkled or costate, 2-3 in. long: Ivs. a foot long: flowers about 6 in a pendulous raceme, 2-3 in. across, white; sepals lanceolate-acuminate; petals narrower; lip with the side lobes striped with brown inside and with a yellow blotch, the middle lobe oblong, acute, reflexed, undulate; disk bright yellow, with 6 fringed keels. India. J.H. III. 44:75.
Pseudobulbs cylindric or fusiform: Ivs. up to 1 1/2 ft- long: racemes many-fid.; flowers 2 in. across, white; sepals and petals lanceolate; lip with 3 denticulate keels, the middle lobe elliptic, acute; disk marked with yellowish brown. India.
Plate XXIV. Coelogyne cristata, one of the popular and easily grown orchids.
Fig. 1023. Coelogyne cristata. (XX)
Pseudobulbs 1 1/2-2 in. long, ovoid-oblong, scattered on a scaly rhizome: Ivs. 8-12 in. long: racemes 5-9-flowered, drooping; flowers white; sepals and petals lanceolate-oblong, undulate, acute, with 5 orange fringed keels, the lateral lobes slightly incurved, the mid-lobe transversely oval, denticulate. Nepal. J.H. III. 31:349. P.G. 1:55. A.G. 14:331; 15:513. A.F. 4:497; 6:87; 9:1111; 13:1133; 16:1445. C.L.A. 6:163. F.E. 9:331. B.R. 27:57. G.C. III. 47:40. O.R. 18:169. Gng. 2:393; 4:225. variety hololeuca, Hort. .(variety alba), has white flowers, labellum without yellow. C.O. la. variety Lemoniana, Hort. (variety citrina, Hort.), has citron-yellow fringes. J.H. III. 57:537. variety Chatsworthii, Hort., has large pseudobulbs and large flowers of good substance. variety maxima, Hort., has very large flowers - C. cristata is one of the best and most popular of orchids. It is one of the easiest to grow. Can be grown with cattleyas.
Pseudobulbs cylindricfusi-form, 5-10 in. long: Ivs. up to 2 1/2 ft. long, oblong-lanceolate: racemes many-flowered, pendulous; flowers 2-2 1/2 in. across; sepals and petals pale yellow, margins reflexed, the petals much narrower than sepals; lip with 6 erect ridges fringed with brown, the lateral lobes brown, streaked with white inside, the middle lobe nearly quadrate, reflexed, apiculate. Borneo. G.C. III. 15:695. A.F. 35:380.
Pseudobulbs elongated, ovoid, 2-3 in. long: Ivs. up to a foot long, 3-5-nerved: racemes pendulous, tomentose; flowers 15-20, 2-2 1/2 in. across; sepals and petals pale orange-red, sepals lanceolate, petals linear-lanceolate; lip with lateral lobes oblong, rounded, streaked with red on inside, the middle lobe reniform or transverse-elliptic, sessile; keels 3, crenulate, lateral ones converging in the middle lobe and sometimes bearing 2 branches. Perak, Borneo, Sumatra.
Fig. 1022. Pseudobulbs pyriform, 3-5 in. long: leaves elliptical, large, tapering toward the base, up to 20 in. long: racemes many-fid., pendulous, pubescent; flowers 2-3 in. across; sepals and petals pale yellow, the sepals oblong-lanceolate, the petals linear-oblong; lip with lateral lobes brownish within, lined or streaked with yellow, mid-lobe with a verrucose brown and yellow disk from which extend 3 denticulate keels. Assam. B.M. 6979. CO. 4.
Fig. 1022. Coelogyne Massangeana. (X 1/6)
Pseudobulbs 3-4 in. long, oval-oblong, compressed: leaves 15-20 in. long, cuneate-oblong: racemes many-fid., pendulous; flowers up to 4 in. across; sepals and petals green, linear-oblong, acute; lip fiddle-shaped, with black veins and stains on yellowish green ground, the mid-lobe crisped, black-warty; disk 2-keeled. Borneo. B.M. 5084. F.S. 20:2139. J.H. III. 30:377. A.F. 6:633. CO. 6. Gt. 49:1480.
Pseudobulbs ovate-oblong, about 2 in. long, compressed, 2-lvd.: leaves 8-10 in. long, cuneate-obovate: raceme 8-10-flowered, erect or nodding; flowers about 2 1/2 in- across, green, veined black-brown; sepals oblong, acuminate, the petals shorter and narrower, the margins reflexed; lip nearly as long as sepals, the lateral lobes concealing only the base of the column, the middle lobe sessile, oblong-elliptic, crisped; keels 3, papillose. Singapore.
Large species (18-24 in. high): pseudobulbs ovate-oblong, 5-6 in. long or more: leaves up to 2 1/2 ft. long, lanceolate, acute: raceme 7-10-flowered, pendulous; flowers 3 in. across, cream-colored; sepals and petals lanceolate, lip with the lateral lobes white, streaked red-brown inside, the middle lobe nearly orbicular, the crisped margin pale yellow streaked red-brown; disk with 2 or 3 orange-red warty ridges. Borneo. P.M. 16:227. G.C III. 46:34.
Like No. 13, but racemes not drooping, pseudobulb 4-angled, 4-6 in. long: leaves up to a foot long, lanceolate, acuminate: racemes 4-7-flowered, erect; flowers about 2 in. across, pale yellow-green; sepals lanceolate, acuminate; petals linear-lanceolate; lip fiddle-shaped, black-spotted, the middle lobe apiculate, undulate; disk with 5 raised lines. Moulmein. B.M. 5323.
Flowers showy, very fragrant, pure white, with lobes yellow. Mts. of N. India. - C. Brymeriana, Hort. A garden hybrid between C. Dayana and C. asperata. - C. burfor-diensis, Hort. (C. pandurata x C. asperata). Flowers pale green, the spiny crest black, the ridges green and yellow. G.C. III. 49:331. - C. chrysotrdpis, Schltr. Scape much shorter than the leaves, few-fid. Sumatra. - C. Colmanii, Hort. A garden hybrid between C. speciosa major and C. cristata alba. - C. Cumingii, Lindl. Flowers white, the disk citron-yellow; sepals and petals lanceolate. Singapore. B.R. 27:29. B.M. 4645. - C. fragrans, Hort. A trade name. - C. fuliginosa, Lindl. Flowers appearing in succession, 2 in. across, light brownish white, the lip fringed. N. India. B.M. 4440. J.F. 1:7. - C. Garderiana, Lindl.=Neogyne. - C. Lawerenceana, Rolfe. Flower single; sepals and petals yellow, 2-2 3/4 in. long, the sepals lanceolate-oblong, the petals linear; lateral lobes of lip brown, the middle lobe white, the disk marbled with brown. Annam. B.M. 8164. G.C. III. 47:335. - C. Mooreana, Sander. Racemes 4-8-flowered; flowers white; disk golden yellow, covered with clavate processes.
Annam. B.M. 8297. - C. ochracea, Lindl. Flowers about 2 in. across, fragrant, white, the lip blotched and streaked orange-yellow. N. India. B.R. 32:69. B.M. 4661. J.F. 4:342. - C. perakensis, Rolfe. Racemes many-flowered; sepals light buff, lanceolate-oblong, about 1/2in. long; petals light green, linear, a little shorter than sepals; lip light yellow, with a deep yellow blotch on disk. Perak. B.M. 8203. - C. praecox, Lindl., var alba. A nearly white form. - C. Sdnderse, Kranzl. Flowers white; sepals oblong-lanceolate; petals narrower, linear; lip yellow, marked with golden, the keels red-brown. Burma. G.C. III. 13:361. - C. Veitchii, Rolfe. Racemes many-flowered, pendulous; flowers nearly globose, white, the sepals and petals much incurved; lip longer than sepals, the lateral lobes obtuse, the middle lobe ovate, revolute; disk obscurely 3-keeled. New Guinea. B.M. 7764. - C. venusta, Rolfe. Racemes many-fid., pendulous; flowers pale yellow, the lip white, marked with yellow. S. W. China. B.M. 8262. - C. virescens, Rolfe. Resembling C. Parishii. Flowers pale green with dark dots on the lip.
Annam. George V Nash