: Triticum.


(hidden style, Greek). Syn. Zos-terostylis. Orchidaceae. Eight or 10 terrestrial orchids of the E. Indies, Malaya and Austral., allied to Pogonia. Leaves solitary or few, narrow and membranaceous, on stiff petioles: flowers rather large, racemose or spicate on simple sheathed scapes, the sepals and petals very slender or even awl-like and nearly or quite equal; lip large, sessile, the broad base inclosing the column and then expanding into a broad blade. C. arachnites, Blume. Rootstock fleshy: leaves erect, green, lanceolate: flowers on a scape 18 in. or less high, many and spider-like, the sepals and petals green and the fleshy lip purple and mottled, pubescent and grooved. India (Ceylon, Khasia). B.M. 5381. A curious indoor orchid.


: Cardamine pratensis.


: Arum.

Cucumber Tree

: Averrhoa and Magnolia.


: A plant of the genus Cucurbita. Sometimes shortened to Cucurb.

Cumin, Or Cummin

The seeds of Cuminum odorum (or less properly C. Cyminum); black cumin, Nigella sativa; sweet cuimn, or anise, Pimpinella Anisum. See Culinary Herbs.


(for Lady Gordon Cumming) of gardeners (name bestowed by D. Don in 1828), sometimes spelled Cumingia (Kunth, 1843), is now referred to Conanthera. Amaryllidaceae. The conantheras are of about four species in Chile, one of which is rarely in cult, as a tender summer-blooming bulb. They are said to be difficult to keep long in cultivation They are cormous plants, with basal linear or linear-lanceolate leaves, erect stems paniculate-branching above, flowers blue on bractless pedicels: perianth funnelform, the tube short; lobes longer than tube, oblong, nearly equal, spreading or becoming reflexed; stamens 6, attached in the throat, shorter than the perianth-lobes, all perfect, the filaments very short; ovary 3-celled, the style subulate. Conanthera campanulata, Lindl. (C. Simsi.i, Sweet. C. bifolia, Sims, not Ruiz & Pav. Cummlngia campanulata, D. Don) is 1-1 1/2 ft. high, with linear leaves shorter than the stem or peduncle and blue paniculate pretty flowers B.M.2496.


(origin unknown). Labiatae. A low-growing tufted hardy native perennial of this genus is rarely cultivated in borders for its profusion of bloom.

Flowers small, white or purplish, 2-lipped, borne in corymbed cymes or clusters. The genus contains not more than 16 species, 2 N. American, 2 Mexican, and the others S. American. They are somewhat woody, and usually have small leaves: the whorls of flowers are sometimes loosely corymbose, sometimes axillary, few-fid., much shorter than the leaves, sometimes many-fid., in dense spikes or terminal heads; calyx 10-13-nerved, 5-toothed; perfect stamens 2.


Linn. (C. origancndes, Brit.). Maryland Dittany. Stone-Mint. Height 1 ft.: leaves smooth, ovate, serrate, rounded or heart-shaped at the base, nearly sessile, dotted, 1 in. long: flowers purple-pink in a loose cymose cluster which is terminal. Dry hills, S. N. Y. to Ohio., south to Fla. J.H. III. 35:321. Mn. 7:201. See also Dittany.