This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
(Rembert Dodoens, or Dodonaeus, about 1518-1585, royal physician and author). Sapin-dacese. Trees and shrubs, somewhat planted in S. Fla. and S. Calif, for ornament.
Leaves alternate, without stipules, simple or pinnate: flowers small, polygamous, unisexual, often dioecious, terminal or axillary, solitary or in racemes or panicles; sepals 5 or fewer; petals wanting; stamens mostly 8 (5-10) with very short filaments; ovary 3-6-celled, each cell 2-ovuled: caps, winged on the back of each valve. - About 50 species, mostly in Austral., a few in Africa and in Hawaii and N. Amer. Leaves sometimes glandular and exuding resin-like or varnish-like substance.
Linn. Shrub, to 15 ft., viscid: leaves mostly oblong, cuneate at base, entire, with resinous dots on both surfaces: flowers greenish, in short terminal or axillary racemes; sepals ovate: caps about 3/4in. long and somewhat broader, broadly 3-winged, notched at apex, more or less cordate at base. B.R. 13:1051 (as D. oblongifolia). - A poorly defined plant, widely distributed in warm countries, occurring in Austral., S. Africa, in Mex., and forms of it in Fla. and Ariz. Leaves varying from broadly spatulate to oblong to nearly or quite linear.
Thunbergiana, Eckl. & Zeyh. Shrubs, 6-10 ft., glabrous, much branched: leaves lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, narrowed at base, somewhat denticulate and somewhat viscid: flowers green, polygamous, racemose: caps. 1/2in. long, resinous and shining, 2-3-winged, as long as the stalk or longer. S. Africa triquetra, Andr. Erect shrub, the young branches flattened or very angular: leaves oval-elliptic to oblong-lanceolate, acuminate, to 4 in. long, entire or very nearly so: flowers in short oblong compact panicles or racemes; sepals minute: caps, of D. viscosa, middle-sized. Austral.
Rudge. Much-branched bush, usually viscid: leaves small (usually under 1 in. long) obovate or cuneate, at the end rounded or truncate or toothed, on the sides entire or rarely obscurely toothed, short-petioled: flowers in short terminal scarcely branched racemes, or sometimes few in axillary clusters; sepals ovate-oblong: caps, of D. viscosa, the wings usually not very broad. Austral. L. H. B.