This section is from the book "The Gardener V1", by William Thomson. Also available from Amazon: The New Organic Grower: A Master's Manual of Tools and Techniques for the Home and Market Gardener.
If I am mistaken in supposing that your reference to S. D. means Down South put " this and that " into the waste-paper basket, as I have no wish to urge my ideas against your better judgment. Otherwise, I will state I thought you knew me as one of your oldest subscribers. I make proper use of your publications and others by giving them to my gardener, after I have myself studied them, and he has now a goodly row of your volumes, highly valued. I am an old amateur gardener of half a century's standing. From old associations and kindly feeling, I have free welcome to the numerous gardens in the land of flowers where I live, and converse often with master, mate, and man. Being interested in the subject, I have read much of what has been written respecting the low wages of both skilled and unskilled gardeners. I have many men in my employ, most of them hard-working but uneducated men. Most of them receive more weekly than an ordinary skilled gardener. While out in the autumn, I made inquiries, and found really clever gardeners working for 18s. per week; and my friends told me, as evidence of the rise in wages, that a skilled gardener was not now to be obtained for less than 21s. I have pondered on this matter again and again, while reading the various plans and suggestions.
I am always met by the irrepressible and inexorable law of supply and demand; and I fear - notwithstanding all the clever writing on the subject, much of which, though it may grow in the book, won't grow in the garden - the endeavour to make twenty situations satisfy twenty-four applicants, will have no greater success than the trying to squeeze a quart into a pint pot. Some would say, "As you are so ready to find fault with others, what would your wisdom suggest? " I will answer the question by stating, that although a man, clever with hand and head, with the spade finds life a struggle in the old country, he is the salt of the earth in the new. And if those intelligent men who write on this subject in your and other papers would combine with others to obtain every kind of information which can be gathered as to the best way to arrive at the point where the "spade " is in demand, and keep the rising generation fully and constantly informed how to obtain assistance, where to go, where friends from same quarter have gone before, keeping up a correspondence with those who have formed a suitable location, - they will find, if this information is widely spread, the young men who now are constantly struggling to push their elders out of their situations will seek their fortunes in wider fields and with more success.