In the case of your early vinery, fork into the surface of the border a good dressing of bone-meal, and then apply about 3 inches of farmyard manure. This should be applied at once. About the middle of October add a covering of 6 or 8 inches of dry litter - Fern or straw - and the tarpaulin. The later Vine-borders you can top-dress with bone-meal and manure in November or December; and if your Vines are in need of more feeding, remove the winter dressing when the Grapes are set or thinned and apply a fresh one.