This section is from the book "The Gardener's Monthly And Horticulturist V23", by Thomas Meehan. See also: Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long.
C. W. W., Wilson, N. C, says, under date of July 1st: - "I have just picked my first specimen of the famous Waterloo peach, raised from buds bought of Ell-wanger & Barry, in the summer of 1879. It is the same size as the Amsden, but from ten to fifteen days later than that variety in my orchard. How is this? They claim that it is a week earlier, and larger than Amsden."
[The ripening on a few trees for one season is no test of comparative earliness. This was discovered a few years ago in raising early tomatoes. A variety flowers, say to-day, and fertilizes its flowers; another to-morrow, and these flowers fertilize. After fertilization there is no check, and when mature one may be a day earlier than the other. Under all ordinary circumstances we have two varieties, one ripening a day or two after the other.
Put now a season comes when the early one has flowered and fertilized its young germ which continues to grow, but the next few days are cold and dull - perhaps for a week or ten days - and the later one does not open, or the flowers are not fertilized for all that time. The ripening that year is ten or fifteen days later. This was once an enigma with early tomato growers, until the reasons were clearly worked out.
The moral of all this is, that though there is an absolute difference in earliness between varieties, the ratio is always liable to be broken in upon by unusual circumstances; and we must not expect the ratio to be uniformly the same. - Ed. G. M.]