This section is from the book "The Gardener's Monthly And Horticulturist V23", by Thomas Meehan. See also: Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long.
A friend sends us Scribner's Monthly for December, with an article by Thurber under the above title, asking that we call attention to it.
The point of the article is that the charge of the public highways is a legitimate part of the duty of the State. That when a new public road is to be built, the State provides the road, and that it is free to all alike. If the State does sometimes give up some control to the roads to turnpike companies, it is only with the understanding that all shall be treated alike. The man who drives through a turnpike with an empty horse and wagon, pays as much toll as one who has a full load; and the man who drives over the road a dozen times a day pays just as much as the one who goes through but once a year. The article contends that railroads should be highways of the same character, but they are not. They are conducted like any ordinary business. The man who can ship a thousand barrels of oil, gets a lower rate of freight than the man who can send only ten. Hence he can sell his oil cheaper than the small shipper, and the result is that all small operators are crushed out, because the railroads with their natural business ways of looking at things, give a greater advantage to freight by the wholesale, than to freight by the retail.
It then becomes a national or State question whether it is the interest of the people of the whole State to have all these small concerns crushed out by a few very strong firms or companies. This seems to be the question which the author discusses.