Planting, as thousands of us do, and as many more thousands should do, simply for home use, a rod or two in the garden, our aim should be, I think, to reduce the number of varieties from year to year, discarding the least valuable of those which ripen simultaneously. "Get the best" is a motto which will work as well in the garden as among the dictionaries. It is a non-paying ambition that leads to the planting of a hodge-podge of many sorts.



Grown by J. Churchman, Burlington, N. J.

With this preliminary let me say that there are a goodly number of raspberries, both red and black, not worth the planting, but remaining in the lists of the nurserymen because they are sometimes called for as specialties. Where the Hudson River Antwerp will do its best, nothing better in the way of a raspberry has yet been found, and more especially for market; but it needs rich feeding and clean culture. Commencing with the decline of strawberries, the daily picking will continue to the tenth of August, or to the ripening of peaches. I incline to the opinion that it is only mismanagement in some direction that fails to make it profitable and valuable beyond the Hudson River Valley.

Where the variety will not succeed, the Cuth-bert - rather arrogantly styled the Queen of the Market - may be confidently planted. It is a vigorous, large-leaved plant, seldom known to be injured by the winter. It cannot be bent to the ground and covered like the Hudson River Antwerp. Mr. Downing's description of the fruit, in his new appendix to "Fruits and Fruit Trees of America," is most complete. "Fruit medium to large, scarlet crimson, roundish obtuse, conical; grains rather small, compact; separates freely from the stalk; flesh quite firm, juicy, sweet, sprightly, having a slight flavor of the common red, which is probably one of its parents."

Those who wish another raspberry for variety in color will only need to plant Brinckle's Orange. This is the old standard for good points, and it will he difficult to find anything better in that line.

Of the black caps, I have tested many kinds during the past and present year. Not being successional like the Hudson River Antwerp, several named varieties will be needed to cover the usual period; still, there are a number in cultivation which it would be as well to neglect. The first to plant for earliness is the Skowhegan, of recent introduction, grown by J. A. Carlton. of Mt. Vernon, N. H. The canes are heavy and stiff; should be stopped at three feet to induce branching and to bear more fruit. The berries are large and jet black, without bloom, but not firm. The fruit clusters are very large.

The Centennial should have place near the head of the list for size, richness and productiveness. It is sent out, I believe, by Mr. Samuel Miller of Bluffton, Mo.

The Gregg is a most abundant bearer of large, sweet, rich fruit. The picking must be lively, as the berries ripen within a week or ten days. This being a market as well as a home berry, evenness in ripening will often prove an advantage to the grower.

The Hoosier is an exceedingly black cap, just introduced, that is very promising. As far as I have seen, it is as rich as any of the blacks. The canes are strong, and will need the pinching mentioned above in order to obtain the best results.