This section is from the book "The Gardener's Monthly And Horticulturist V26", by Thomas Meehan. See also: Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long.
The botanical name of the Carnation is Dianthus Caryophyllus. The Gardeners" Chronicle, says:
"Incidentally we may allude to the term Caryophyllus as applied to the Dianthus, from which our Carnation (or Coronation - i. e., garland flower) is derived. Canon Ellacombe writes that the name Caryophyllus, or Nut-leaved, seems at first very inappropriate for a grassy-leaved plant, but the name was first given to the Indian Clove tree (Caryophyllus aromaticus), and from it transferred to the Carnation on account of its fine Clove-like scent.
"What the precise application of Karyophyllon by the Greeks may have been we know not. Supposing it to have really been applied to the well-known spice, the form of the club-shaped bud, or ' Cloves,' may have suggested the name, while it may not be too far-fetched to suggest that its application to the Dianthus arose from the thick knots, or nodes (Carya), which are so characteristic of the Pinks. At any rate this seems quite as reasonable as the alleged relation of the name to the perfume of the spice, and of the flower respectively".