This section is from the book "The Gardener's Monthly And Horticulturist V26", by Thomas Meehan. See also: Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long.
L. H. Bailey, Jr., Cambridge, Mass., inquires: "Have any readers of the Monthly had experience to prove that the keeping qualities of winter apples are essened by being top-grafted on fall stock?
Have any experimented with apples or pears grafted on the wild crab or on species of Crataegus?
[We believe Mr. Douglas, of Waukegan, once experimented with the Hawthorn as a stock for the apple or the pear, and we should be glad to have his experience or that of other correspondents.
As a matter of scientific interest it may be as well to offer a word of caution to guard against a wrong conclusion. If a pear be grafted on the quince the quality of the fruit is affected, not because the stock is a quince, but because it is a weak growing stock. In other words, whatever affects nutrition affects quality. Now among varieties of apples there are some which are vigorous growers, and others which grow weak, and there must be this difference among the stocks on which apples are grafted, as well as among the grafted kinds themselves. To our mind, therefore, the result hinted at would depend as much on the roots of the tree bearing the fall stock proposed for the experiment. Still the knowledge would be useful so far as it goes. - Ed. G. M].