Shelter both in summer and winter has much to do with their successful cultivation. They will thrive on sandy or loamy soils. Most of the finer and more delicately colored varieties are generally increased by grafting, and any of them by layering. I have raised excellent plants from layers left till the second year before disconnecting them from the parent. And that rare and very distinct species, the hornbeam-leaved (Acer carpinifolium) I found rooted more readily than any of the palmatum group.

The unjust report that the Japanese maples are not hardy no doubt greatly interfered with their popularity. While the brief note in the October number, 1883, Gardeners' Monthly, from the pen of Mr. S. B. Parsons, contains all that need be said in their defence against this charge and from a most excellent source, I beg to add my testimony.

We have been cultivating a few on our grounds during the past several years, starting them in frames, wintering them in same for two seasons, afterward planting them in the open ground; yet we have never had a tree winter-killed. The past, however, has been a winter of unusual severity - the coldest in many years - and while many old fruit trees have badly suffered and been even killed, the Japan maples have come through without the least apparent injury. Some one spoke of their being difficult to propagate in any other way than by seed. However, we have rooted cuttings both in sand in the greenhouse cutting bench and in open-air cutting bed, and at present have a few dozen cuttings rooted in the latter manner. New Albany, Ind.