Mr. Gurney, Gardener to Mr. Henry Shaw, at the Missouri Botanic Gardens, kindly sends us fruit of this, which we have never seen before. It is of the form and appearance of a turban squash, though but an inch in diameter. The color is of a brilliant scarlet, and one might take it at first sight for one of the red pepper tribe, and which, perhaps, suggested its common name. Another native (Brazilian) name is Pitanga. It belongs to the myrtle family, and must be very ornamental in a large conservatory.