An exchange, in an admirable article on road making, says:

"The plan adopted by Telford, the greatest road engineer probably since the time of the Romans, was first to level and drain the site of the proposed road, then to lay upon it a solid pavement of large stones, and on this a layer of stones carefully broken so as to pass through a two and a half inch gauge, and no stone weighing more than six ounces, and over all gravel or other fine material in sufficient quantity to hide the stones. Great attention was paid to the surface until it became thoroughly solidified, and then it would stand for several years with a very little repair, one of the roads constructed in this way requiring nothing to be done, beyond cleaning the dirt off, for six years after its construction".

The early Romans had not probably to deal with the contract system that prevails in most American cities. In these it is next to impossible to deal directly with the roads, for in spite of the efforts of the best citizens the money goes to pay voters rather than road menders. The contract system becomes a necessity of the situation. But under this system the lowest responsible - supposed to be - bidder has to be taken, and it is found next to impossible to get done that which ought to be done. The surface soon wears away, and it is found by experience, that the solid blocks of the Telford roads, often is all that is left. For public roads, therefore, that road is found to be the best that will stand the worst usage, without getting execrably bad - and Macadam is best for this. With the war-captives of the Roman Dictators to put to work, and no frost to contend with, we should prefer Telford roads or "such as the Romans had".