THIS handbook is respectfully submitted to gardeners in California, amateur and professional, as supplementary to, and a modification of those excellent treatises and encyclopedias on Landscape and Flower Gardening which have become the authorities and text-books on the subject, but which were written for the conditions of climate and season in European countries and the Eastern States of our own land.

In California these conditions are so different, and the possibilities of the culture and development of trees, shrubs and flowers are so much greater than in Europe or any other of the United States of America, that our gardeners have had to do a great deal of original investigation and experimental work. The results of such investigation and work by the writer are recorded in these pages.

The difference referred to is well illustrated by the universally loved Pansy which, in the Eastern States, is sown in February, flowering in May or June, while in California it is sown in July and flowers from November to May, and also by the Acacia which, in the East, is grown in pot in the conservatory, protected by glass and heated by artificial heat, whereas, in our State, it grows, a handsome tree, in any soil in the open air and flowers in midwinter.

Although it has been found necessary to treat of the conservatory to a certain extent, yet this has been done only as subsidiary to the main purpose of the book, the treatment, in the conservatory, of plants which are not hardy in the open air locally, being the same here as in any other part of the country. It should, however, be kept in view that hundreds of trees, shrubs and flowers, which cannot possibly exist in the open air in those parts of the United States and Europe where the climatic conditions are more harsh than here, flourish and give grand effects out of doors in California.

During his gardening experience of thirty-five years in various parts of California, but particularly during the past twenty years of his superin-tendency of Golden Gate Park, San Francisco, the author has had, from all over the State, a great number of inquiries and requests for advice and suggestions.

These inquiries have become so numerous that it has been practically impossible for him to answer them all, and such replies as he has been able to give have necessarily been very brief. He therefore believes that his experience, as now embodied in this book, will be of interest and perhaps value to those who take delight in the wonderful results with which the fertile soil and genial climate of our State reward their earnest and loving labor.

It is believed that the practical value of the work is added to by the illustrations which are all from photographs especially taken for this purpose.

In writing the book the author has had the able collaboration and assistance of his friend Mr. James C. Fyfe of San Francisco, of which, in this place he desires to record his deep and grateful appreciation.

That this book may give pleasure and be of use to all who strive to make our State even more attractive by adding to the beauties of its landscape and gardens, is the earnest hope of


San Francisco, December, 1908.

Note To Second Edition

This opportunity is taken to make a few additions and to correct such typographical errors as were overlooked in the first edition.

The additional recommendations in Chapter V (Planting And Transplanting) (Planting And Transplanting) for the transplanting of large trees and shrubs embody the method followed by the writer for years, the effectiveness of which has been particularly noticeable in the transplanting of the great number of large trees into the grounds of the Panama Pacific International Exposition of 1915. San Francisco, December, 1914.