This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
Among all the shrub evergreens, the mahonia for general use is, without exception, one of the most valuable. In general appearance of leaf it much resembles the European holly, a plant that is not hardy in the Northern or Middle States; it is of the easiest possible culture, growing freely in any soil not wet. Besides its glossy foliage, in spring it gives a profusion of bright yellow flowers, followed with rich purple berries, making it ever attractive and ornamentally beautiful. Our drawing represents a bush of the variety aquifolium, with a cluster of flowers. This is the most common sort, and is, perhaps, the best for masses or low hedges; but where a single plant only is to be grown, we should select the fascicularis as being more unique in form of foliage, and more subdued in the tone of color. In fully exposed positions facing south, the mahonia occasionally browns and loses its foliage; but we have never known the plants to kill, and early in spring it puts on new leaves and comes forward rapidly, blooming as if it had suffered no loss.
Fig. 61. - Ash Berberry.