This we consider one of the greatest acquisitions that has been made for many years to our list of hardy evergreens. Its foliage resembles the arbor-vitae, but its habit is that of the hemlock. As a lawn tree, or for association and planting near water, or in cemeteries where there is room, its beauty of foliage and form renders it every way desirable. There is a variety of this called Pyramid-alis, that is more dense and upright, but to us not as beautiful. The Balsam Fir. Picea balsamea. The Balsam Fir is a very handsome, compact, erect-pointed tree while young; but as it acquires age its lower limbs die away; and as a single tree it often presents a ragged, neglected appearance. As a center tree, or for points in the formation of groups, it is desirable; and as a tree for belts, where very heavy winds are experienced, it proves admirably adapted. In light, sandy soils its beauty lasts about twelve years, while in rich, deep clay loams it carries its foliage on the lower limbs and its beauty from twenty to thirty years.

Where it can be had cheap, it is well suited for massing, using the European Silver Fir and American Spruce for outsides.

The European Silver Fir.

Fig. 60. - The European Silver Fir.