This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
There is something aristocratic in the appearance of an orange or lemon tree, and although they require no more pains than many plants which are nursed and taken great care of, there is nothing much more neglected. In sll establishments there are some overgrown, long-legged, pot-bound plants, that exhibit all the symptoms of neglect or positive ill-usage; generally spesking, the mould they are in is soar and clogged together, the roots half rotted, the trunk or stem covered with scale or vermin of other kinds, the leaves small and yellow. If we see younger plants, that have only been in the country a year, it is the same so for as it has been carried; at the proper season they are not potted; they are making stunted growth, or are otherwise neglected. Whether it is that the plant is misunderstood, or they are considered not worth the trouble not one place in twenty is a proper asylum for these trees; and when they are introduced in fine health, they generally get worse and worse, until they are scarcely worth the trouble of recovering or of throwing away.
When the tubs, or pots, or boxes in which they grow are too big to move about, and are crowded altogether into a receptacle hardly big enough for a third of their number, we can feel the difficulty of getting at them to give the proper attention, and contemplate the certainty of their taking harm from the confinement, their want of air, light, and water, or from too much wet, with nothing to either drain it off or blow it off. We care not where anybody goes, all the old establishments are alike, and with few exceptions, where everything is first rate, it is rare to find either an orange or a lemon tree, or any of the tribe of shaddock, citron, or lemon, in what could be fairly called good health and condition. But lor its claims on our skill and industry, where is the subject can beat any of the tribe? Its odoriferous qualities are not excelled by those of any subject in cultivation. Perhaps the Daphne indica odorata may take its place by the side of these, but certainly if there be any difference the Daphne must give place to the orange and citron tribe. The flowers are delicate and graceful, the tree evergreen and handsome, and tractable in every sense of the word, for it may be trained a dwarf, a pyramid, or a standard.
It may be budded, grafted, or struck from cuttings, each will grow in the stock of the other, and the tree, kept in good order, will, during a great part of the year, have flowers, and fruit of all sizes and states of ripeness and unripeness. But no tree sooner feels the effect of neglect, and none have been more subject to it. The shaddock is the most rapid growing of the whole family, and therefore is strongly recommended for stocks, and all the kinds will graft or bud well on it, and grow vigorously. Our first business is to direct something to be done with the old and ugly trees already about the country.