This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
ED. Western Horticulturist: - I find there is much confusion among people of this part of Michigan, relative to the identity of the Red Canada and Steel's Red Winter. Our best posted fruit growers contend that they are the same, while in some localities the farmers believe the two entirely different, and the same opinion has been endorsed by at least one extensive nurseryman selling trees under both names, whether really distinct or not, and also by fruit dealers who generally regard them as distinct.
I wrote to a nurseryman in Indiana some time since, and inquired if he grew the Red Canada, or Steel's Red Winter. He replied that Steel's Red Winter was the Baldwin, and that he did not grow the Red Canada unless it was the Hoops, or Indiana Favorite. I also see by the Agricultural Report for 1862, that the Bald-win and Steel's Red Winter are called one and the same. (I do not know who is the author of this article. In the later report, F. R. Elliott calls the Red Canada and Steel's Red the same).
The King of Tompkins is not a popular apple in this part of the State. The tree is regarded by many as not a very good bearer, nor does the fruit keep well. Judging by the call for trees under one name or the other, I should say the Red Canada was one of our most popular apples, and certainly deservedly so. The tree is hardy and productive, and the fruit is of good quality, fine appearance, and keeps well.
Adrian, Mich. D. G. Edminston.