This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
Notwithstanding all that has been written respecting the cultivation of the Fuchsia, it is seldom that we see well grown specimens of it, more especially about London; but in the midland counties matters are managed somewhat better. We there find Fuchsias such as they should he, both as regards form, size, and profusion of bloom. Few, we think, who have been in the habit of attending the Birmingham shows will question the truth of this assertion. We trust, therefore, that the following remarks respecting this useful flower, by Mr. Mayle, of that city, (as given in the "Scottish Florist" of the present month,) will be read with interest King Charming and Incomparable are both sorts, we believe, of Mayee's raising, and we are also indebted to him for many other fine varieties. He has paid much attention to this favorite flower, and therefore his instructions respecting it may be followed with confidence. He says, "the soil best adapted for healthy growth is rich sandy loam from the top spit of a meadow, one part; real turfy peat, rubbed through a coarse sieve, two parts; and dung from a hot-bed rotted into mould, one part As soon as you have brought your plant from the nursery, turn it out of the pot, and if it is already in light soil put the ball just as it is into a pot a size larger.
If it is in stiff soil, soak it in water until you can wash all the soil out; and in repotting carefully spread the roots, and see that the soil is well thrust through every portion, so that it may be solid. Let the plants be placed in the green-house until they begin to move, and then make up your mind whether they are to grow pyramidally or shrubby; if the former, let the main shoot go up, and regulate the Bide ones; if the latter, stop the shoot back, using the top for a cutting. If the shoot be long, it may be out into lengths; one joint below the soil, and one or two above, are quite enough to strike. In the summer, a handglass on a common border will be found a sufficient shading from the sun. When the plants have struck, let them remain out of doors, or in a cold frame, but shade them from the mid-day sun. By these means, the dark varieties will be improved, and make handsome plants. The light ones will not bloom white; they will have a pink tinge on them, and will scarcely be recognised: and therefore it is hotter to bloom them under glass.
There are, however, two or three rules to be attended to under all circumstances; first, to shift them whenever the roots appear through the soil; secondly, to give all the air possible in mild weather; thirdly, to water them thoroughly when watering; fourthly, to stop all rambling shoots; fifthly, to shade them during the heat of the day when in bloom; and sixthly, to let them rest during the greater part of the winter. In saving seed, never calculate on good flowers from coarse varieties; cross the fine ones with the large flowers if you will, but I recommend those of fine texture and habit I herewith annex a few first rate varieties raised and sent out in this part of the country; at the public exhibitions they have invariably taken the lead. White varieties: Hebe, Diadem of Flora, Bride, Lady Dartmouth, Purity. Dark varieties: Champion of England, Standard of Perfection, Prince of Wales, Scarlatina reflexa, Game Boy, Defiance, Roseola. But the above fine varieties must bow to those which are coming out from this quarter this season." - G. B., in Gardener' Chronicle.