This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
A SAN JOSE, Cal., correspondent of the Pacific Press gives the following hints on the culture of the Almond:
Select from the nursery trees that have been grafted or budded on peach stocks, and those having been well irrigated and cultivated, having attained the fullest and most perfect development whilst in the nursery; on this depends success.
I am acquainted with a gentleman who purchased last winter 3,000 trees; 1,500 of which had the full benefit of the conditions I have named, the balance being worked upon almond stocks, and grown in the nursery without irrigation. This gentleman has what is known as "chapparal land " that is, land from which that shrub has been cleared; his land had been well plowed and worked, and the soil was the same in nature throughout.
When I visited the plate about a month ago, I found the 1,500 which had been worked upon peach, and well irrigated while in the nursery, healthy and vigorous, having put out new shoots from eight inches to a foot in length, and with every indication of completely gratifying the hopes of their owner, while the 1,500 worked on almond, and grown without irrigation, were the most complete failure I ever saw, not a single tree being alive.
The nature of the Almond demands that it shall be planted upon high, dry, gravelly or sandy situations; putting forth its bloom as it does in February, it cannot bo grown successfully on moist lands where humid atmosphere tends to increase the severity of Spring frosts.
It is obvious, therefore, taking the above facts into consideration, that a tree should have its saps and elements developed without stint while in the nursery, in order to give it strength to rally under the change in transplanting to which it is subjected.