This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
(Sse half title in front) By Charles Duggin, Architect, 582 Broadway, N. Y.
The house I have selected to illustrate the present number, was erected in 1860, at New Brighton, Staten Island, and forms one of a group of seven, the property of W. S. Pendleton, Esq. Being situated on high ground, it commands extended views over New Jersey, New York, and Long Island. This house being erected for renting, the plan was arranged with particular reference thereto, and as such is offered as a residence suitable for most families.
It is planned on an economical scale, and at the same time is liberal in its arrangement. All the rooms are of moderate but comfortable size.
Passing through a vestibule, the hall is entered, from which doors open into each room; by this means a free circulation of air through the various apartments is secured. It will be observed that the hall is symmetrically arranged, the doors to the several apartments being placed directly opposite each other; this gives the hall a very handsome appearance, and places the different rooms in easy communication with each other. That portion marked off at the end of the hall, if deemed best, might be partitioned up, and a door placed in the centre. This would form a comfortable little library or study; or, if preferred, be left as at present, with simply an arch thrown across the ball. To this arch could be suspended curtains, which, if hung in festoons and gathered up gracefully, would tend much to enhance the appearance of the hall. With the arch and curtains this space could still be appropriated as a library or snuggery, to be inclosed by the drapery when in use. A French casement or sash door is provided from the vestibule and from the end of the hall, for easy access to the veranda, thus avoiding the necessity of passing through the parlor for that purpose.
The principal stairs are placed in a side hall; under these stairs a closet is provided for hats and coats. This side hall also answers the purpose as passage to the kitchen.
The kitchen is of ample dimensions, and is fitted up with every convenience, such as range, boiler, dresser, closet, etc A sink-room is also provided in connection with the kitchen, in which is placed the pump to supply the tank in the third story. The communication to the dining-room from the kitchen is through a pantry, the doors of which are so arranged as to prevent, as far as possible, the fumes of the kitchen gaining access to the dining-room.
The dining-room is a very pleasant apartment, with a convenient space on either side for a sideboard. A china closet is also provided to this room.
The wash-room is located in the basement, underneath the kitchen. The space beneath the pantry, sink-room, and kitchen porch is walled up, and paved and connected with the outside by the cellar steps. The remainder of the basement is devoted to the furnace, coal, and store rooms. Should more room be required on the first floor, the kitchen could be removed to the basement, taking the place of the wash-room, and a dumb waiter provided in the pantry. This would allow of the present kitchen being used as a dining-xoom, and the present dining-room for any purpose required.
With regard to the arrangement of the second story, little need be said, as the plan is self-explanatory. The small rooms are made to communicate with the chambers, so that they can be used as dressing-rooms if required. The front small room might be increased four feet in length by taking away the closets; in that case a closet to the chamber should be provided alongside of the fireplace.
Three chambers are provided in the third story, with closets attached. That portion of the third story over the parlor is left unfinished, and makes a convenient place for storing away trunks and other articles. There is also a small room in the tower, but the stairs to the upper story of the tower interfere somewhat with the available space.
The height of the basement is seven feet, the first story eleven feet, the second story nine feet six inches, and the third story eight feet in the highest part.
The foundation or basement walls are built of stone and twenty inches thick. The outer surface where coming against the earth is plastered up with cement, so as to keep out the dampness. All the walls above the basement are constructed of wood. The frame is filled in with brick, and covered on the outside with narrow rebated clapboarding, the window casings being cut out of plank one inch and a half thick. The roof is covered with ornamental cedar shingles. All the workmanship and materials are of the best description. The rooms on the first and second stories have appropriate moulded cornices and centre-pieces. The spaces between the roof rafters are filled in with an additional coat of lathing and plastering. This is but a trifling additional expense, and keeps the attic rooms warmer in winter and cooler in summer.
From the back of the kitchen range a hot air flue is provided, connecting with the bath-room over. This answers the double purpose of heating the bath-room, and at the same time prevents the water in the pipes from freezing.
From the upper story of the tower a very extended view is obtained of the surrounding country. To make this room even more interesting, the sash is glazed with stained glass of different shades and grades of color. Looking through these various tints, it has a singularly interesting effect. It also has the recommendation of subduing the glare of light that is generally an objection to these tower rooms.
The carpenter and mason work may be put down at $6,500. The mason work, however, was the only portion done by contract. This amounted to $1,600, which included the drains and cess-pools. An estimate was obtained ($4,900) on the carpenter's work, for the purpose of contracting it out. It was, however, decided to do this portion by day's work. In addition to the above, should be added the cost of the furnace, mantels, grates, and plumbing.