This section is from the "The Fruit Manual; Containing The Descriptions and synonymes of the fruits and fruit trees commonly met with in the gardens & orchards of Great Britain, with selected lists of those most worthy of cultivation" book, by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual
Red Roman. See Roman.
Rivers' Orange.—This is a seedling raised from Pit-maston Orange, and differs from its parent in having kidney-shaped instead of round glands. The fruit is similar to that of Pitmaston Orange, and very richly flavoured; and the tree, in Mr. Rivers' estimation, is more robust in its habit, bears, perhaps, more profusely, and is hardier than that variety.
Roman (Brugnon Musque; Brugnon Violette Musque: Old Roman; Red Roman).— Fruit large, roundish, flattened at the top. Skin greenish-yellow, brown muddy red, and rough with russety specks next the sun. Flesh greenish-yellow, deep red at the stone, to which it adheres, rich, juicy, and with a highly vinous flavour,
particularly when allowed to hang till it shrivels. Fowers large. Glands kidney-shaped. Beginning of September.
In many collections Violette Hative and Elruge are grown for this variety; but from both of these it is readily distinguished by its flowers, which are large.
Rough Roman. See Old Newington.
Scarlet. See Old Newington.
Sion Hill. See Old Newington.
Smith's Newington. See Old Newington.
Springrove. See Elruge.
Stanwick.—Fruit large, roundish oval. Skin pale lively green where shaded, and purplish-red where exposed to the sun. Flesh white, melting, rich, sugary, and most delicious. Kernel sweet, like that of the sweet almond. Glands kidney-shaped. Flowers large. Ripe the middle and end of September.
The fruit is very apt to crack, and requires to be grown under glass. Hitherto it has generally failed to ripen thoroughly against walls in the open air, except in one or two instances, with which I am acquainted, where grown in a light sandy soil and a good exposure, it then ripened thoroughly without cracking.