This section is from the "The Fruit Manual; Containing The Descriptions and synonymes of the fruits and fruit trees commonly met with in the gardens & orchards of Great Britain, with selected lists of those most worthy of cultivation" book, by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual
I. nuts.—The husk shorter than, or as long as, the Nut.
Bond Downton Square
Cob Pearson's Prolific
II.. filberts.—Husk longer than the Nut
Bond Nut.—Husk hairy, shorter than the nut. Nut of medium size, ovate and oblong. Shell thin. Kernel large.
This is an excellent nut, and the tree is a good bearer.
Cape Nut. See Frizzled Filbert.
Cob (Bound Cob).—Husk hairy, shorter than the nut, and much frizzled. Nut large, obtusely ovate. Shell of a light brown colour, rather thick. Kernel large.
A good nut for early use, but does not keep well.
Cosford (Miss Young's; Thin-shelled).—Husk hairy, as long as the nut, and deeply cut. Nut large, oblong. Shell of a light brown colour, very thin, so much so as to he easily broken between the finger and thumb. Kernel large, and well flavoured.
An excellent early nut, and the tree is an abundant bearer.
Downton Square.—Husk smooth, shorter than the nut. Nut large, short, four-sided. Shell thick. Kernel full, and well flavoured.
Dwarf Prolific. See Pearsons Prolific.
Filbert Cob. See Lambert Filbert.
Frizzled Filbert (Frizzled Nut; Cape Nut).—Husk hairy, twice as long as the nut, deeply frizzled, and spreading open at the mouth. Nut small, oblong, and flattened. Shell thick. Kernel full.
This is rather a late variety. The tree is an excellent bearer, and the nuts are produced in clusters.
Kentish Cob. See Lambert Filbert.
Lambert Filbert (Kentish Cob; Filbert Cob).—Husk nearly smooth, longer than the nut, and very slightly cut round the margin. Nut large, oblong, and somewhat compressed. Shell pretty thick, of a brown colour. Kernel full, and very richly flavoured.
This is, perhaps, the best of all the nuts. The tree is a most abundant bearer; some of the nuts are upwards of an inch in length, and they have, with care, been kept for four years. It is only after being kept for some time that their full richness of flavour is obtained.
Miss Young's. See Cosford.
Nottingham Prolific. See Pearson's Prolific.
Pearson's Prolific (Dwarf Prolific; Nottingham Prolific).—Husk hairy, shorter than the nut. Nut medium sized, and smaller than the Cob; obtusely ovate. Shell rather thick. Kernel full.
A very excellent variety. The trees are most abundant bearers, and I have seen them not more than two feet and a half high laden with fruit.
Purple Filbert (Purpic-leaved).—This differs from the Red Filbert in having the leaves of a dark blood-red colour, like those of the Purple Beech. The fruit is similar to, and quite as good as, that of the Red Filbert, and is of a deep purple colour. It is, therefore, not only valuable as an ornamental shrub, but produces excellent fruit.
Red Filbert (Red Hazel).—Husk hairy, longer than the nut. Nut of medium size, ovate. Shell thick. Kernel full, covered with a red skin.
Round Cob. See Cob.
Thin-shelled. See Cosford.
White Filbert (Wrotham Park)— Husk hairy, longer than the nut, round the apex of which it is contracted. Nut medium sized, ovate. Shell thick. Kernel full, and covered with a white skin.
Wrotham Park. See White Filbert.